新疆众和

从馆藏文献看湖湘文化对洋务运动的影响
   来源:文物天地     2018年08月29日 06:40

论洋务派的 西学中源 文化观 文化观的产生及对洋务运动的影响

TANGHAIHUA

19SHIJI60NIANDAIXINGQIDEYANGWUYUNDONG,SHIYANGWUPAIZAINEIYOUWAIHUANDEXINGSHIXIA,WEI“QIANGBINGFUGUO”ERCAIQUDEZIJIUZHIJU。JINGUANYANGWUYUNDONG“FUGUOQIANGBING”DEMUBIAOZUIZHONGMEIYOUSHIXIAN,DANQUEWEIZHONGGUOJINDAIHUADEJINCHENGMAICHULEZHONGYAODEYIBU。

ZAIZHEIYIJINCHENGZHONG,HUXIANGWENHUAYIQIJINGSHIZHIYONG、GANWEIRENXIANDEPINXINGZAISHEHUIFAZHANZHONGQIDAOLEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。HUXIANGWENHUADEJIECHUDAIBIAOWEIYUANYI《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIAN》YINDAOLEWANQINGJINGSHISICHAO,SHIDEYOUXIUDEZHISHIFENZIGUANZHUXIANSHI,YI《HAIGUOTUZHI》KAIQILEJINDAI“ZHENGYANKANSHIJIE”DEJINCHENG,CHENGWEIYANGWUYUNDONGDELILUNXIANDAO;ERCENGGUOFAN、ZUOZONGTANG、GUOSONGDAO、CENGJIZEDENGZEGONGSHENYUYANGWUSHIJIAN,CHENGWEIZHEICHANG“ZIQIANG”“ZIJIU”YUNDONGDEZHONGLIUDIZHU。KEYISHUO,HUXIANGWENHUAZAILILUNYUSHIJIANLIANGGECENGMIANDOUSHENKEDIYINGXIANGLEJINDAIDEYANGWUYUNDONG。TONGSHI,YANGWUYUNDONGDEKAIZHANYOUWEIHUXIANGWENHUADEFAZHANZHURULEXINDEHUOLI。

新疆众和YI、《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIAN》YUWANQINGJINGSHISICHAO

ZUOWEIYIZHONGDIYUWENHUA,HUXIANGWENHUAJUYOUXIANMINGDEJINGSHIZHIYONGDETEXING。ZHEIYITEXINGJIYUHUNANDILIHUANJING、SHEHUIJINGJIJIEGOUYOUGUAN,TONGSHIYESHILIANGSONGYILAIHUXIANGXUEPAIYOULIANGXUETONGFAYANGDEJIEGUO。CONGHUHONG、ZHANGCHIDENGRENCHUANGLI“HUXIANGXUEPAI”QI,HUXIANGXUEPAIJIUYIZUNFENGCHENGZHULIXUE、JIANGJIUSHIXUEZHUCHENG,TAMEN“ZHUZHANGCONGGUOJIMINSHENG、‘RIYONGZHISHIZHONGQUTANQIUFUGUOQIANGBINGZHIDAO”。ZHEIYICHUANTONGJINGWANGCHUANSHAN“YUJINFEIGUJINXUMIAOZHISHUOERFANZHISHI”DEFAYANG,ZAIQINGDAIYUWEIDAGUAN。

新疆众和DAOGUANGXIANFENGZHIJI,GUOJIANEIYOUWAIHUAN、BIBINGCONGSHENG。ZAIHUXIANGXUERENKANLAI,QINGDAIYOUSHENGZHUANSHUAISHIYINKONGSHUWUYONGDEXUEFENGZAOCHENGDE,YAOGAIBIANZHEIYIJUMIAN,JIUYINGDANGTUIXINGNENGJINGBANGJISHIDESHIXUE,YUSHITAOSHU、WEIYUAN、TANGPENG、HEZHANGLING、DENGXIANHE、HESHAOJIDENGJINGSHIPAIRENCAIQUNTIYIFAN“NIGUBUQIESHIWU”DEQIANJIAKAOJUXUEFENG,ZAILIZHI、YANZHENG、HAIYUN、HEGONG、ZHIJUNJIXINGBANJIAOYUZHUFANGMIANJIJITANSUOSHIJIAN,QIZHONG,WEIYUANBIANZHUANDE《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIAN》SHIZHEIYISHIQIHUXIANGJINGSHIXUEDEDAIBIAOZUO。

新疆众和WEIYUAN(1794-1857),HAOMOSHEN,HUNANSHAOYANGREN,SHIJINDAIHUXIANGJINGSHIPAIDEDAIBIAO。TAZHANGQIDANRENLIANGJIANGZONGDUTAOSHU、JIANGSUBUZHENGSHIHEZHANGLINGDEMULIAO,XIEZHUTAMENGAIGELIANGHUAIYANZHENG,TUIXINGPIAOYANFA,SHIYANCAOYUNGAIHAIYUN,TONGSHIYEDANRENGUODIFANGZHIXIAN,YOUZHEJIAOWEIFENGFUDEJINGSHILIZHENGJINGLI。ZAISHIJIANZHONG,TABINGCHENGHUXIANGXUESHUJINGSHIZHIYONGDECHUANTONG,JIANGCHUANTONGXUESHUYUXIANSHIZHENGZHIHESHEHUISHIJIWENTIXIANGJIEHE,QIDAOLELIANGHAODEXIAOGUO。

1826NIANWEIYUANYINGYAOXIEZHUHEZHANGLINGBIANZHUAN《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIAN》,QISHUKANXINGYUDAOGUANGQINIAN(1827)。ZAIDAOGUANGCHAOZHIGUANGXUCHAOLIUSHIDUONIANZHONGCISHUXIANHOUKANGUO15ZHONGZHONGKEZHONGXIAOHUOSHIYINQIANYINBEN,ZHUYAOYOUTONGZHISHIERNIANFUZHOURAOYUCHENGJINXIANGBEN,GUANGXUSHIERNIANSIBULOUZHONGXIAOBEN,GUANGXUSHISANNIANSHANGHAIDIANSHIZHAISHIYINBEN,GUANGXUSHIWUNIANSHANGHAIGUANGBAIZHAIXIAOYINBEN,GUANGXUERSHISINIANSHANGHAIHONGWENGEQIANYINBENDENG。ZHANGSHABOWUGUANSHOUZANGDEZHEITAO《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIAN》WEIGUANGXUSHISANNIAN(1887NIAN)SHANGHAIDIANSHIZHAISHIYINBEN,KEYINJINGLIANG,ZIJIQINGXI,SHUMINGYOU“HONGCHENGGONGZHISHISHENJINYUANSHU”,ZUOXIAJIAOYOUMOYINLIANGMEI:“SHEN”“GONGZHI”,SUOJUDIBENYINGWEIDAOGUANGQINIANJIANGSUYUANKEBEN,KEKANZUOSHISHANBEN(TUYI)。

《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIAN》QUANSHU120JUAN,“FANWENZIZUBEIJINGJI、YOUGUANZHISHIZHE,WUBUSOUCAI”,SHOULUQINGDAIKAIGUOYILAIZHIDAOGUANGERNIAN(822)DEGUANFANGYUSIRENZHUSHUZHONGSHEJIJINGJI、配资公司 SHIYONGDEPIANZHANG2236PIAN,SHEJIZUOZHE654REN。ZAITILISHANGFENWEIXUESHU、ZHITI、LIZHENG、HUZHENG、LIZHENG、BINGZHENG、XINGZHENG、GONGZHENGBAGEGANGMU,BAGANGZHIXIAYOUXIFENWEI65GEZIMU。QUANSHUSHIYIBUJIEZHUCHUANTONGJINGYANJIEJUESHUISHOU、CAOYUN、YANFA、BIZHI、HUANGZHENG、SHUILI、HEGONGDENGJINGSHISHIWU,FANYINGQINGDAIQIANQISHEHUIZHUANGKUANGDEZHONGYAOWENXIAN。

新疆众和ZHEIBUSHUBUJINSHIWEIYUANJINGSHISIXIANGCHENGSHUDEBIAOZHI,YESHIWANQINGJINGSHIZHIYONGXUEFENGQUANMIANXINGCHENGDEJIEBIAO。《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIAN》KANXINGHOU,FENGXINGHAINEI,ZAIQUANGUOXINGCHENGLEYIGU“JINGSHI”RECHAO。WANQINGHANXUEDASHIYUYUEZAI《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENXUBIANXU》ZHONGSHUO:“SHUSHINIANFENGXINGHAINEI,FANJIANGQIUJINGJIZHEWUBUFENGCISHUWEIJUHUO,JIYUJIAYOUQISHU”。BUJINRUCI,ZHONGRENHAIFENFENXIAOFANG,BIANZHUANTONGLEIWENBIAN,RUXIANGJICHUXIANLESIBU《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIAN》HOUXUZHIZUO:ZHANGPENGFEIDE《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBUBIAN》,RAOYUCHENGDE《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIANXUJI》,GESHIJUNDE《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENXUBIAN》,SHENGKANGDE《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENXUBIAN》,TAMENZAIBIANZHUANZONGZHI、LEIMUSHEZHI、CAILIAOLAIYUANJIXUANZESHANG,DOUZHIJIEXIAOFANG《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIAN》。JIAWUZHANZHENGHOUZHIGUANGXUMONIANYOUYOUJIN15BUJINGSHIWENBIANWENSHI,RUGANHANDE《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENXINZENGSHIWUYANGWUXUBIAN》(48JUAN)、MAIZHONGHUADE《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENXINBIAN》(21JUAN)、QIUZIQIANGZHAIZHURENDE《HUANGCHAOJINGJIWENBIAN》(128JUAN)DENG。KEYISHUO,WEIYUANDE《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIAN》TUIDONGLEWANQINGDE“JINGSHI”RECHAO,CUSHIGENGDUODEZHISHIFENZIGUANZHUXIANSHI,XUNQIUJIUGUOZHISHIZHIDAO。

新疆众和ZAI《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIAN》ZHONGLUNJI“YIWU”“XIXUE”DEWENZHANGJIAOSHAO,DANYEYOUXUEZHEZHICHU,WEIYUANZHENDUIQINGCHAOZHENGCE“BUFANGXIYI”DEBIBING,ZAIBINGZHENG“HAIFANG”SANJUANZHONGXUANYOU《FANGHAI》《LUNAOMENXINGSHIZHUANG》DENGWEN,SHUOMINGWEIYUANZAOYIMIQIEZHUSHIXIFANGZHIMINZHEDONGLAIYIHOUZHONGGUOHAIFANGMIANLINDEXINXINGSHI。CIHOURAOYUCHENGSUOBIAN《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIANXUJI》“FANYOUSHEYUHAIFANG、TONGSHANGSHIYIJIEWEICAIRU”,GESHIJUNDE《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENXUBIAN》ZESHE“YANGWU”MENLEI,SHEERSHIJUANJILU197PIANWENZHANG,ZHANQUANSHUPIANFUDE14%,JINCIYU“HUZHENG”“BINGZHENG”,WEIQUANBIANZHONGDIANZHIYI。ZHEIYECHONGFENSHUOMINGLEHUXIANGWENHUADEJINGSHICHUANTONGZAILIJINGJIDAIRENDEFAYANGZHIHOU,ZAIQUANGUOXIANQILESHIXUESICHAO,WEICIHOUDEYANGWUYUNDONG、WEIXINYUNDONGDEKAIQIDIANDINGLESIXIANGJICHU。

ER、《HAIGUOTUZHI》:YANGWUYUNDONGDELILUNXIANDAO

XIANGBI《HUANGCHAOJINGSHIWENBIAN》YINLINGSHIRENGUANZHUXIANSHIDEZUOYONG,WEIYUANYUDAOGUANGERSHIERNIANBIANCHENGDE《HAIGUOTUZHI》WEIYANGWUYUNDONGTIGONGLELILUNZHIDAO。

新疆众和ZAIYAPIANZHANZHENGHOU,MUDU“TIANCHAOSHANGGUO”DIBUGUO“YUANYANGYIDI”,WEIYUAN“FENYUWAISHI”,ZAILINZEXU《SIZHOUZHI》DEJICHUSHANG,《HAIGUOTUZHI》WUSHIJUANCHUKEYUDAOGUANGERSHIERNIAN(1842)JICHENG,DAOGUANGERSHIQINIAN(1847)ZENGDINGZHILIUSHIJUAN,XIANFENGERNIAN(1852)ZAICIZENGDINGZHIYIBAIJUAN。ZHEISHIZHONGGUOJINDAIZUIZAO、ZUIYOUXITONGDIJIESHAOSHIJIEGEGUOLISHI、DILI、WENHUADEJUZHU,XIANGCHENSHUIDEGUORENZHANSHICHUYIGEBIJIAOZHENSHIKEGUANDEXIFANGSHIJIE。ZHANGSHABOWUGUANSUOZANGDE《HAIGUOTUZHI》WEIZUIZAOBANBENDAOGUANGERSHIERNIANWUSHIJUANBEN,TONGCHENG“DAOGUANGRENYINBEN”(TUER)。

新疆众和《HAIGUOTUZHI》CHENGSHUYUYAPIANZHANZHENGHOUZHONGYINGGANGGANGQIANDINGSANGQUANRUGUODE《JIANGNINGTIAOYUE》ZHIHOU,QUANSHUNINGJUZHEWEIYUANMANQIANGDEAIGUOREQING,TAZAIXUYANZHONGDAOMINGLEBIANZHUANDEMUDE:“SHISHUHEYIZUO?YUE:WEIYIYIGONGYIERZUO,WEIYIYIKUANYIERZUO,WEISHIYIZHIZHANGJIYIZHIYIERZUO。”WEIYOU“SHIYIZHIZHANGJI”CAIKE“ZHIYI”,“SHANSHISIYIZHE,NENGZHISIYI;BUSHANSHIWAIYIZHE,WAIYIZHIZHI”。WEIRAOZHEIYIZONGZHI,WEIYUANTICHU“YIZHIZHANGJISAN:YIZHANJIAN,ERHUOQI,SANYANGBINGLIANBINGZHIFA”,BIXUXIANGXIFANGXUEXI,JUTIJIANYIYOU:FAZHANJUNSHIGONGYE,SHECHANGZHIZAOJIANCHUANLIPAO;GAIGEJUNZHI,XUEXIXIFANGLIANBINGYANGBINGZHIFA;FAZHANJINRONGYE,ANZHAOXIFAZHUZAOYINQIAN,YICHONGSHIGUOKU;FAZHANSHANGYE,KAIZHANDUIWAIMAOYI;TUIXINGMINZHU,XUANBARENCAI;ZHONGSHIJIAOYU,PEIYANGGELEIZHUANYERENCAI。CIWAI,HAIJIESHAOLECHUAN、PAO、QIANG、SHUILEIDENGWUQIDEZHIZAOTUYANG、XIYANGJIYI、YUANJINGZUOFAZILIAO、YONGPAOCELIANGFANGFAJIGEBAINITAIYANGZHONGXINSHUODENGJINDAIZIRANKEXUEZHISHI19]。

新疆众和WEIYUANDE《HAIGUOTUZHI》TUPOLECHUANTONGDEYIXIAZHIBIANDEWENHUAGUAN,CHUANBOLEJINDAIZIRANKEXUEZHISHIYIJIXIFANGSHEHUIZHIDU,KAIKUOLEGUORENDEYANJIE。TAZAISHUZHONGTICHUDEXUDUOJIANYI、SHEXIANGCHENGWEIHOULAIYANGWUPAIYUNDONGDESIXIANGZHIDAO。YANGWUPAIDEDAIBIAORENWUYIXIN、CENGGUOFAN、ZUOZONGTANG、LIHONGZHANGDENGDOUJIESHOULEWEIYUAN“SHIYIZHANGJIYIZHIYI”SIXIANG,TAMENXINGBANYANGWURUSHELUNCHUANJU、ZAOQIANGPAODENG,SHIYUWEIYUANXUESHUOFENBUKAIDE。JINDAIDIYIWEIWAIJIAOSHICHENGUOSONGDAOCHONGFENKENDINGWEIYUANSIXIANGDELISHIJIAZHI,SHUO《HAIGUOTUZHI》“YIHUSHIYIKUANJISHIYIZHANGJIYIZHIYI”DENG,“LISHIYUNIANERQIYANJIEYAN”。ZHANGZHIDONGGENGSHIGAODUPINGJIA《HAIGUOTUZHI》,RENWEITA“SHIWEIZHONGGUOZHIXIZHENGZHISHI”。YINCI,YOUXUEZHERENWEI,HUXIANGWENHUASUOBAOHANDEJINGSHIZHIYONGSIXIANGZAIYANGWUSICHAODEMENGFAZHONGQILELILUNXIANDAOZUOYONG。

新疆众和SAN、HUXIANGWENHUADULIZHIPINXINGYUHUXIANGYANGWUXIANQUDESHIJIAN

新疆众和HUXIANGWENHUAJUYOUGANWEIRENXIANDEDULIPINXING,ZHANGSHARENYANGYULINZAI1903NIANFABIAODE《XINHUNAN》ZHONG,ZHICHUZIZHOUDUNYI、WANGCHUANSHAN、WEIYUAN、WANGKAIYUN、GUOSONGDAO、TANSITONGYILAI,ZAIXUESHUSIXIANGSHANG“WOHUNANYOUTEBIEDULIZHIGENXING”。XUEZHEQIANJIBOZAI《JINBAINIANHUNANXUEFENG》YERENWEIHUXIANG“YIYIFENGQIZICHUANG,NENGBIEYUZHONGYUANRENWUYIDULI”,“WANGBUYOUDULIZIYOUZHISIXIANG,YOUJIANQIANGBUMOZHIZHIJIE”。ZHEIZHONG“TEBIEDULIZHIGENXING”,SHIJISHANGJIUSHIYIZHONGGANWEITIANXIAXIANDEFENDOUJINGSHEN、CHUANGXINJINGSHENYUWUSHIJINGSHEN。ZAIXIANFENGNIANJIANXUDUOGUANLIAOSHIRENHAICHIYUTANLUN、CONGSHI“YANGWU”SHI,YIPIXIANGJIRENSHIRUCENGGUOFAN、ZUOZONGTANG、GUOSONGDAODENGYIGANWEIRENXIANDEZITAILVXIANCANYUYANGWUYUNDONGZHONGLAI。

新疆众和CENGGUOFANSHIYANGWUYUNDONGDESHOUCHANGZHEZHIYI。ZAIYUTAIPINGTIANGUODEJUNSHIDOUZHENGZHONG,TARENSHIDAOXIFANGQIANGPAODEWEILI,YUSHIZHUZHANGYINRUYUZIZHI。“FANGMUTANSIZHISHI、ZHIQIAOZHIJIANG,SHIERYANXI,JIERZHIZAO,BUGUOYIERNIAN,HUOLUNCHUANBIWEIZHONGWAIGUANMINTONGXINGZHIWU,KEYIJIAOFANI,KEYIQINYUANLVE。”ZAICHUANGBANLEGUONEIZUIZAODEGUANBANXINSHIBINGGONGCHANG——ANQINGNEIJUNXIESUOYONGYIZHIZAOZIDAN、HUOYAO、QIANGPAOHOU,TAYOUHELIHONGZHANGGONGTONGCHANGDAOZAISHANGHAISHEZHIJIANGNANJIQIZHIZAOJU,FUSHEYISHUJU,ZHUYISHOULUOGEZHONGLEJIEXIFANGJISHUDERENCAI。

WEILEPEIYANGBENGUORENCAI,CENGGUOFANZAI《LUNCHUANGONGJUNBINGCHENJIQIJUQINGXINGSHU》ZHONGJIANYIYOUJIANGNANJIQIZHIZAOJUSHELIXUEGUAN,“XUANCONGYINGZIDISUITONGXUEXI,TUOLIKECHENG,XIANCONGTUSHUORUSHOU,QIESHIYANJIU,SHUJIWULIRONGGUAN,BUBIJIASHOUYUYANGREN,YIKEYINSHENLINGLECHENGSHU。”1872NIAN,TAYULIHONGZHANGLIANXIANHUIZOUPAIQIANXUESHENGCHUYANGLIUXUE。TAZAI《NIXUANCONGYINGZIDICHUYANGXIYISHU》SHUO:“NIXUANCONGYINGYOUTONGSONGFUTAIXIGEGUOSHUYUAN,XUEXIJUNZHENG、CHUANZHENG、BUSUAN、ZHIZAOZHUSHU。YUEJISHIYUNIAN,YECHENGERGUI。SHIXIRENSHANZHANGZHIJI,ZHONGGUOJIENENGANXI。RANHOUKEYIJIANTUZIQIANG。”

YUCENGGUOFANTONGSHIDEZUOZONGTANGZECHUANGBANLEMAWEICHUANZHENGJU,SHELI“QIUSHITANGYIJU”,ZAIGANSUBANQILE“LANZHOUJIQIZHINIJU”。ZHANGQIDANRENXIANGJUNMULIAO、DIFANGJIANGCHENDEGUOSONGDAOCHUSHIGUOYINGFA,CHENGWEIQINGCHAOZHENGSHIPAICHUDEDIYIWEIZHUWAIGONGSHI。

ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,JINDAIHUXIANGWENHUAMIANDUI“SANQIANNIANWEIYOUZHIDABIAN”,NEIBUCHENGXIANCHUKAIFANGYUBAOSHOU、XIANJINYULUOHOUBINGCUNDEFUZATAISHI,CHULECHANSHENGJINGSHIPAI、YANGWUPAIZHIWAI,HUNANBAOSHOUZHUYITONGYANGNONGHOU,GENGDUODEGUANLIAOSHISHENDUIXIFANGWENHUACAIQUDESHIMOSHISHENZHISHIDISHIDETAIDU。《WANGUOGONGBAO》CENGPINGJIASHUO:“HUNANSHENGREN,XIANGWEIZHIXIFAWEITIANXIAZHILIANGFA,GENGWEIZHIXINFAWEIJINRIZHIYAOFA,SHIYICHENGQISIJIAN,XILIJUZHI,SHENZHIFENGZHISHELIZHIDIANGAN,JINGGANBAERTOUZHUYUHUO,ZHONGZHONGGUAIPI,JIEZIKUNZHIDAOYE。”ZAIZHEIZHONGWENHUAFENWEIXIA,CENGGUOFANCHANGYIDELIUMEIJIAOYUFANGANZAISHUSONGSIPIXUEYUANHOU,YINWEISHOUDAOZHUDUOFEIYIYUZULIERGUOZAOYAOZHE。GUOSONGDAOCHUSHIYINGFA,ZHUSHUZANMEIXIFANGZHENGZHIZHIDU,RELAIWUYIFENFEN,BAOSHOURENSHIJIANGTASHIWEISHUDIANWANGZUDEHANJIAN;HAOYOUYEWUBUWEITAWANXI,WANGJIANYUNTANXITA“YISHENGPINGZHIXUEXING,WEIJIANGHAIZHICHENGYAN,YOUKEXIYI”。LICIMINGZERENWEITACHUSHI“XINGTONGJISHENG,QINGLEIZHIZI,GONGQIJIANCE,SUIQICHAOXIAO,TUZHONGRUGUOERYI”。GENGYOUSHENZHE,DANGTAFANHUIHUNANSHI,GUANLISHISHEN“ZHIYIWEIGOUTONGYANGREN,ZHANGZHITONGJIE”,SHIZHIWEI“HANJIAN”“ERCHEN”“TOUJIANGPAI”。LIANTAYONGXIAOHUOLUNTUODAIMUCHUANDOUSHOUDAOZHANGSHA、SHANHUALIANGXIANDEZUZHI,ZIXUNFUYIXIADEDIFANGGUANYUANDOU“AOBUWEILI”。

JIUSHIZAIZHEIZHONGELIEDEWENHUAFENWEIZHONG,CENGGUOFAN、ZUOZONGTANG、GUOSONGDAODENGXIANJINZHISHIFENZIBINGCHIHUXIANGWENHUAJINGSHIZHIYONG、GANWEIRENXIANDEDULIPINXING,YIXUEXINGGANGLIEZHIQI,BUJUWUYI,GANYUZAIGUOJIAMINZUWEIJIWEIJIZHIJITINGSHENERCHU,TUIDONGLEYANGWUYUNDONGDEFAZHAN,TONGSHIYEWEIGULAODEHUXIANGWENHUAZHURULEXINDESHIDAINEIRONG。

SI、YANGWUYUNDONGZHONGHUXIANGWENHUADESHANBIAN

JIUWENHUAERYAN,YANGWUYUNDONGSHIYICIZHONGXIWENHUADEDUIZHUANGHOUDEXUEXIYUJIAOLIU,SHIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAZHUBUZOUCHUFENGBIDESHIJIE,XIANGXIFANGWENHUAXUEXIJIEJIANDEGUOCHENG。ZAIZHEIYIJINCHENGZHONG,HUXIANGWENHUAYEKAIQILEJINDAIJIANNANZHUANXINGDELICHENG。

HUXIANGDICHUZUGUONEILU,ZIRANHUANJINGXIANGDUIBISAI,YINONGYEWEIZHUDEJINGJIJIEGOUCUSHIRUJIAXUESHUOZHANGQIZHANJUWENHUAZHULIU。XIANGJUNCHUANGJIANZHICHU,CENGGUOFANZAI《TAOYUEFEIXI》ZHONGSHUO:“YUEFEIQIEWAIYIZHIXU,CHONGTIANZHUZHIJIAO,……JUZHONGGUOSHUQIANNIANLIYIRENLUN、SHISHUDIANZE,YIDANSAODIDANGJIN。CIQIDUWODAQINGZHIBIAN,NAIKAIPIYILAIMINGJIAOZHIQIBIAN,WOKONGZI、MENGZIZHISUOTONGKUYUJIUYUAN!”,JIANGZHENYATAIPINGTIANGUOSHIWEIBAOHUKONGMENGDAOTONGDE“WEIDAO”ZHIZHAN。XIANGJUNZHENYATAIPINGTIANGUOHOU,XIANGRENPUBIANRENWEIZHEISHICHUANTONGRUXUEDESHENGLI,YIZHIZHANHOUHUNANDAXIUSHUYUAN,BAOSHOUZHUYI、FUGUZHUYISHENGXING。XIANGJUNQUNTIYEYOUCIFENHUA,“LIUZAIWAISHENGDEBUSHAORENCHENGWEIYANGWUYUNDONGDEGUGAN,HUIDAOBENSHENGDEZECHENGWEIFENGJIANJINGJIDEZHIZHU,FENGJIANWENHUADEWEIDAOSHI,TAMENCHENGWEIHUNANSHEHUIZHONGBAOSHOUWANGUYINGLEIDEZHONGJIANFENZI。”

XIANGBIYUCENGGUOFAN、ZUOZONGTANG,GUOSONGDAO、CENGJIZEDENGDANRENGUOZHUWAIGONGSHI,ZOUCHUGUOMENJIANSHIGUOXIFANGSHEHUI,TAMENGUANZHUDIANBUJINJINRUQIANZHENEIYANGTINGLIUZAIJUNGONG、JIAOYUSHANG,TAMENDESIXIANGYU“ZHONGXUEWEITI,XIXUEWEIYONG”LUNYOULEJIDADEQUBIE,TUOLILECHUANTONGHUXIANGWENHUADERENZHENGFANLI。

新疆众和GUOSONGDAOZAICHUSHIYINGFAGUOCHENGXIECHENG《SHIXIJICHENG》《LUNDUNYUBALIRIJI》ZHONG,DUIXIFANGXIANJINWENHUAJIYULEGONGYUNPINGJIA。JINGGUOKAOCHA,TARENWEIXIFANGWENMINGCHANGSHENG、GUOJIAQIANGSHENGDEGENYUANZAIYUZHENGTI。TARENWEIYIHUIZHI、DUODANGZHIYUMINXUANSHIZHANGZHIKEYIQIDAOZHIHENGQUANLIDEZUOYONG,CHAODANG、YEDANG,SHIGEYISUOJIANXIANGCHIZHENGSHENG,YINERJIZHIYIPING”,NENGGOUBAOZHENGGUOJIAZHANGJIUWENDINGFAZHAN。TAFANSIZHONGGUOCHUANTONG“DEZHI”,BURUXIFANGTUIXINGFAZHI,“SHENGRENZHIZHIMINYIDE。DEYOUSHENGSHUAI,TIANXIASUIZHIYIZHILUAN。DEZHE,ZHUANYUYIZHEYE,GUQIZETIANXIAKUAN。XIYANGZHIMINYIFA。FAZHE,RENYIJIANZHIYE,GUTUIQIFAYISHENGZHIZHUGUO,QIZEWANGCHANGPO,QIFARIXIU,JIZHONGGUOZHISHOUHUANYIRIJI,DAIJIANGYOUQIONGYUZILIZHISHIYI。”TAHAIZHUZHANGZHONGGUOYEYINGYIGONGSHANGWEIBEN,SHANGJIAKEYUSHIDAFUBINGZHONG,YIBIANWEIJINYIBUQUFAXIFANGDEZHENGZHIZHIDUJIANLIJICHU。TONGYANGDANRENGUOZHUWAISHIJIEDECENGJIZE,YEYISHIDAOLEXIFANGZHISUOYINENGGOUQIANGYUZHONGGUO,JUEBUJINJINZAIYUQI“CHUANJIANPAOLI”,QIZHENGZHIZHIDUYIYOUKEQUZHICHU。“JIZEZILVOUZHOU,MUDUYUANRENZHENGJIAOZHIYOUXU,FUQIANGZHIYOUBEN,YANMUZHIJI。”

JINGUANTAMENDEJIANYI、SIKAOMEIYOUDAILAISHIZHIXINGDEBIANGE,DANDAIBIAOYIZHONGLISHIDELILIANGZAITUIDONGHUXIANGWENHUAXIANGJINDAIHUAZHUANBIAN。CIHOU,SUIZHEWANGCHUANSHANDEZHUZUOYIJIWEIYUAN《HAIGUOTUZHI》ZAIHUXIANGDELIUCHUAN,HUXIANGWENHUACONGZISHENZIYUANZHONGZHONGXINZHAODAOLEQIANJINDEDONGLI,TONGGUOTANSITONG、HUANGXING、SONGJIAORENDENGREN,JIXUZAIZHONGGUOLISHIWUTAISHANGFAHUIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。

(ZERENBIANJI:RUANFUCHUN)