新疆众和

巧以珠玉饰深衣
   来源:文物天地     2018年08月29日 09:17

巧以珠玉饰深衣-巧雕二龙戏珠摆件

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新疆众和HANDAISHIWOGUOGUWENHUAFAZHANSHISHANGDEHUANGJINSHIQI,ZHENGZHI、JINGJI、JUNSHI、KEJI、WENHUADENGGEXIANGSHIYEPENGBOFAZHAN,ZAIJIQUHUAXIABAFANGWENHUAJINGSUIDEJICHUSHANG,ZONGBAIJIAZHIZHANG,LIQINSHIHUANGDAYITONGDEGAIJIN,JIAZHIWEN、JING、WUDIDECHUILIAN,FAZHANCHENGWEIBODAJINGSHEN、JIANRONGBINGXU、JIAOWEIWENDINGDEMINZUWENHUA。ZHEIYISHIQIYOUYUSHEHUIFANRONGWENDING,YUQIZHIZUOZAIJICHENGZHANGUOYUQICHUANTONGDEJICHUSHANG,YOUSUOFAZHANHEBIANHUA。LIYIXINGYUQI(RUIYU)JIAOZHIQIANJIANSHAO,ZUCHENGPEISHIDEGEZHONGPEIYUZAIZHONGLEISHANGQUYUJIANHUA,YONGYUSANGZANGDEYUQIXIANZHUZENGJIA,YUZHIDERIYONGPINHEZHUANGSHIPINYEYOUJIAODAFAZHAN。ZAIYUDIAOGONGYIFANGMIAN,YUANDIAO、GAOFUDIAO、TOUDIAODEYUQIHEXIANGYUQIWUJIAOZHIQIANZENGDUO。DIAOZHUOJIFAYECHENGXIANCHULIANGZHONGJIERANBUTONGDEFENGGE,HUOXIANXIWENWAN、LINGDONGLIUCHANG;HUOCANGJINGYOULI、CUGUANGJIANLIAN,DUNCUOQILUODEDAOFADAYOUSHERENHUNPOZHISHI。LIANGHANSHIQIZUOWEIHANFANWANGDOU,GUCHENGTANZHOUDEZHANGSHAYIZHIXIONGZHIYUZHANGSHAGUODEZHONGXINDIDAI,YOUZHEFENGFUDEWENHUAYICUN。ZHEILIDEHANDAIMUZANGZHONGCHUTUQIWUBUJINSHULIANGDUO,ZHONGLEIHEZHIDIYEGENGWEIFENGFU,MANAO、LIULI、SONGSHI、SHUIJING、YU、HUPO、MOJINGSHIDENGJUNYOUDALIANGFAXIAN。QIZHONGJINZHANGSHABOWUGUANSHOUZANGDELIANGHANLIULI、YUSHIQIWENWUBIANYOU93JIAN(TAO),ZHUYAOYOUBI、HUAN、ZHU、HENG、HUANG、ERDANG、JIANSHIDENGDENG,DUIYUWOMENYANJIULIANGHANSHIQIDEYONGYUZHIDUYIJIFAZHANYUGUIFANTIGONGLEJIHAODESUCAI。

新疆众和ZAIZHANGSHABOWUGUANJIBENCHENLIEZHI“DAHANWANGGUO”BUFEN,ZHANTINGZHENGZHONGDEDULIZHANJULICHENLIEZHEJINGYINGTITOUDEGESEYUQI。ZAIZHEIXIEZHENGUIDEYUQIDANGZHONG,DIYICIGONGKAILIANGXIANGDELIANGTAOZUYUPEIYIDINGNENGZAIDIYISHIJIANXIYINGUANZHONGDEGUANZHU。ZHEILIANGTAOHANDAIZUYUPEIYU1975NIANCHUTUYUZHANGSHASHIHEXIDOUBISHAN1HAOMU,MUZHUWEIXIHANJINGDISHIQIWUSHIZHANGSHAGUOWANGFEICAO(NV+XUN)。YINWEISHENFENZUNGUI,DANGCHUZAITADEMUZANGZHONGSUIZANGLESANBAIYUJIANJINGMEIJUELUNDEWENWU,TONGGUOYUQITADIQUTONGSHIQIMUZANGCHUTUWUDEDUIBIYANJIU,YIJIFAJUEBAOGAODEJIZAIFENXI,ZHEIQIZHONGYINGGAIBAOHANLIANGTAOHANJIANDEZUYUPEI。

ZUYUPEIYECHENGZUPEIHUOYUZAPEI,SHIWOGUOGUDAITESHUXINGSHIDELIYIYUQI,SHIYOUDUOJIANYUSHICHUANLIANZUCHENGDEYUQIXINGTAI,ZAIWOGUOCHUNQIUZHANGUOZHIXIZHOUSHIQIJIWEISHENGXING。《SHIJING·ZHENGFENG·NVYUEJIMING》SHUO:“ZHIZIZHILAIZHI,ZAPEIYIZENGZHI。”《ZHENGYI》SHUO:“ZAPEIZHE,HENG、HUANG、JU、YU、CHONGYAZHILEI。”ZUOWEIGUIZUXIANSHICAIFU、QUBIEGUIJIANDEBIAOZHI,ZUYUPEIDESHIYONGYOUZHEYANGEDEZHIDU。TONGYISHIQISHENFENYUEZUNGUI,SHEHUIDIWEIYUEGAO,YONGYOUDEZUYUPEISHULIANGYUEDUO,GOUCHENGYEYUEFANZA。XIHANZHONGQIYIHOU,FANSUOHUALIDEDAXINGZUPEIBEIJIANYUEMINGKUAIDEXIAOXINGZUPEIHUOZHUYUCHUANSHIZHUJIANQUDAI,SHIYONGZHEYEZHUYAOWEINVXING。CISHIDEZUYUPEIBUZAIDAIYUXIONGFUBUERSHICHUIGUAYUYAOJIAN,PEIDAIZHEZAIZOULUSHI,CHENGZUPEIYUXIANGHUZHUANGJI,FACHUQINGCUIYUSHENG,CONGERTIXINGQIXINGZHIDEDANG,BUSHILIJIE,“YUBU”YICIJIUYOUCIERLAI。YINERHANDAIRENZAIHANFUZHONGDUIHOUGONGNVXINGSHIYONGZUYUPEISHILIUXIALESHENGDONGDEMIAOXIE:“JINYIYIZAOXIU,WENYIZHULV,FEICUIHUOQI,LUOYIMEIYU。LIUXUANLIZHIYEGUANG,ZHUISUIZHUYIWEIZHU。”

LIANGTAOZUYUPEIZHONG,YITAOWEI“XIHANYUBEIDAIZUSHI”(TUYI),ZHEIZUDAISHIYOUTOUDIAOSHOUWENYUHENGHEBAIYUBEIZUHEERCHENG,JUNWEITOUSHANSHIRUANYU,SEZERUNBAI。LIANGJIANYUHENGCAIZHIXIRUN、WEISHOUTUQIN,BIANTIZHANGFANGXINGBIANKUANGNEIDANMIANLOUDIAOYIZHIRUISHOU,RUISHOUSIZHOUSHIYILIUYUNWEN,TUANBUJUYANJIN,XINGXIANGKEHUASHENGDONG。《DADAILIJI·BAOFUPIAN》JI:“XIACHEYIPEIYUWEIDU,SHANGYOUSHUANGHENG,XIAYOUSHUANGHUANG,CHONGYAWANGBIZHU,YINAQIJIAN,JUYUZAZHI。”DOUBISHAN1HAOMUCHUTUYUSHIYUWENXIANJIZAIZUYUPEI(ZAPEI)ZHONGDESHUANGHENGXIANGFU。12MEIYUBEI,ZHENGMIANWEIGU,FANMIANPINGZHENG,MEIJIANZHONGBUDIAOCHUYITIAOZHAIZHANGDESHENMOCAO,CAODELIANGCEJUNYOUCHUANKONGJIXIANMOHEN,TAMENSHIFANGZHAOSHANGDAIBEIBIZHIZUOERCHENGDE。ZAIWOGUOSHANGDAI,JINSHUHUOBIHAIMEIYOUCHUXIANZHIQIAN,TIANRANBEILEICENGZUOWEISHANGPINJIAOHUANDEMEIJIEBEIGUANGFANSHIYONG,CHENGWEIWOGUOZUIZAODEHUOBI。SUIZHESHANGPINJIAOHUANDEFAZHAN,BEIBIDEXUQIULIANGYUELAIYUEDA,TIANRANBEILEIYIWUFAMANZURENMENDEXUQIU,ZHEISHIKAISHICHUXIANQITAZHIDIDEFANGZHIBEI,LIRUSHIBEI、TAOBEI、GUBEI、YUBEI。FAZHANDAOSHANGDAIHOUQI,RENMENYITONGZHIZUOTONGBI,KAIQILEYIGEZIRANHUOBIXIANGRENGONGHUOBIZHUANBIANDEWEIDALICHENG。XIHANSHIQIDEYUBEI,YIJINGSHIQULEYUANYOUDEHUOBIGONGNENG,CONGERCHENGWEIZHUANGSHIDEWUPIN。ZHEIZUYUBEIDAISHICHUTUSHIWEIYUGUANDEZHONGBU,YIYUHENGWEIZHONGXIN,ZUOYOUDUICHENGFANGZHI,YOUMINGXIANDESHIYONGHENJI。QIGONGYIJINGZHAN,YONGCAIKAOJIU,SHIXIHANWANGSHIGUIZUYAOJIANYUDAISHIDEDIANXINGZHIZUO。

新疆众和LINGYITAO“XIHANTOUDIAOLONGFENGWENZUYUPEI”(TUER)CHUTUYUMUZHUDEZUOCEYAOTUIBU。TAYOU30JIANXINGZHIGEYIDEYUHUAN、YUROUXINGPEI、YUGUANXINGSHIYIJISHUIJING、MANAOZHUZUCHENG。SHANGDUANYI“TOUDIAOLONGFENGWENQINGYUHUAN”(TUSAN)QIELINGZUPEI。DUIZHAOMUQIANKAOGUFAJUEDEZILIAO,SUIRANZUPEIDEZAOXINGYUBIANPAIDUOYANG,DANSHIDADOUSHAOBULEHUAN,DUICIGUWENXIANDEJIZAIYEYUKAOGUFAXIANXIANGWENHE。GAIYUHUANQINGBAIYUZHIDI,SHUANGMIANSHIYIPANHUANQURAODELONGFENGWENHELIUDONGFEIJUANDEYUNWEN,QIWUDAOFAJINGZHUN,XIANTIAOLIUCHANGBENFANG,GOUSIQIAOMIAOSHENGDONG,SHIHANYUZHONGBUKEDUODEDEZHENPIN。ZHONGBUCHUANLIANLIANGJIANBAIYUROUXINGPEI,YUZHIGUANGHUA,WENRUNJIEBAI。QIZHONGYIJIANTOUDIAOPIANXIANLINGDONGDEFENGNIAOWENHESHUZHANLIUCHANGDEJUANYUNWEN,ZHENGFANMIANXIANTIAOXIRUOQIUHAO,SIDUANHAILIAN,HAOWUZHIDAIGAN;LINGYIJIANYIYANRUOYOUSIBAIMIAODEXIYINKEXIANGOULEJUANYUNWEN,XINXINGYICECHUKUODIAOZHUOYIFENGNIAOXINGTUAN,FENGNIAOJIANHUI、YUANYAN、JINGBULINGYUWEIQIAO,QITITAIXIUZHANG、YUYISHUZHAN,XIANTIAOWANZHUANYOUMEI,BIEJUJIANGXIN。ZHEIXIEDIAOZHUOJINGQIAODEDONGWUWENSHI,SHIZUYUPEIJIJUDONGGAN,ZHUANGSHIXINGYEGENGWEITUCHU,DADAOYIZHONGDONGJINGXIANGYIDEYISHUXIAOGUO。XIADUANHEIBAIWENSHIDEMANAOTIANZHUZHENGTICHENGYUANTONGZHUANG,LIANGDUANKOULVESHOU,SHANGXIADUICHUANKONG,BIAOMIANCUCAO,SHANGYOUQINGXIGUIZHENGDEBAISEJINRANHENJI,XISHIHUAGONGYIZHIZUOERCHENG。ZHENGTAOZUPEIHONG、HUANG、ZI、BAI、HEISEZHUSHIYIJIYINGRUNYUSHIQIAOMIAOZHUIHE,SEZEXUANLIDUOCAI,YONGRONGHUAGUI,ZHANGXIANLEHANDAIGUIZUSHENGHUODESHEHUA。

WOGUOHANDAI,HAINEIQINGPING、TIANXIAFUZU,SHEHUIJINGJIFANRONGWENDING。YOUYUYUXIYUJIAOWANGDESILUCHANGTONG,DALIANGKUNLUNSHANMAIDEYOUZHIYULIAOBEIKAICAIXUANYONG,WEIHANYUZHIZUOTIGONGLEYUANLIAOSHANGDEBAOZHANG,JINYIBUTIGAOLEZHIZUOPINZHI,SHIYUWENHUAPENGBOFAZHAN。ZHEIYISHIQIYUQIZHONGLEIFANDUO,YUWEIDAGUAN。ZHUSHIPINSHIFENSHENGXING,YIYUANZHU、BIANYUANZHU、TUOYUANGUXING、LIULENGXING、GANLANXINGZHUSHIWEIZHUYAODAIBIAO,XINGZHIPOWEIFENGFU。MANAO、SHUIJING、SONGSHIDENGMEISHIYOUZHEGUANGFANDEYINGYONG。CIWAI,TEZHONGGONGYIZHUSHIRUQINGTINGYANLIULIZHUHESHIHUAMANAOZHUZAIHANDAIYEOUYOUFAXIAN。“TOUDIAOLONGFENGWENZUYUPEI”ZHONGDESHIHUAMANAOZHU,ZAILIANGGUANGJIYUNNANDIQUCHUXIANJIAOWEIJIZHONG,ERZAIZHANGJIANGZHONGXIAYOUDIQUJIWEIHANJIAN,QIXINGZHIHEZHIZUOGONGYIYUWOGUOCHUANTONGFENGGEYOUCHAYI,YINGSHIYOUHAISHANGSICHOUZHILUHUOYOUNANFANGTONGWANGYINDUZHONGYADESHANGLUZHUANYUNERLAI,WEIHAIWAISHURUZHIWU,FANYINGLEDANGSHIZHONGGUOYUXIFANGGUOJIAZHIJIANPINFANDEMAOYIWANGLAIJIWENHUAJIAOLIU。YOUYUCAIZHIDEXIQUEXING,YIZHIYILAITAMENCHANGYONGZUOWANGSHIJISHANGCENGSHEHUISHECHIXIAOFEIDESHIYONGSHANGWANQI,FEIYIBANPINGMINSUONENGYONGYOU,CHONGFENFANYINGLEHANDAISHEHUICUNZAIDEZUNBEIGUIJIANDESIXIANGGUANNIAN。

新疆众和ZAIHANDAIRENDEGUANNIANZHONG,XIANGXINLINGHUNKEYILIKAIROUTIDANDUCUNZAI,BINGNENGYINZEHOUSHI,YINGXIANGSHENGZHEHUOFU。RENMENRENWEIRENSIHOUZHIBUGUOSHIQULELINGYIGESHIJIE,YIQIESHENGHUOHAIRUSHENGSHI,HUAIYOUYONGSHENGZHINIAN,YINCIDUIDAISIZHESHIFENGONGJINGYUSHENZHONG,HOUZANGZHIFENGSHENGXING。SHOULINGHUNBUMIEGUANNIANDEYINGXIANG,RENMENWANGWANGHUIBASIZHESHENGQIANYONGGUODEDONGXIYIQIZANGRUMUZHONG,RANGSIZHEDELINGHUNNENGXIANGSHENGQIANYIBANCONGSHIGEZHONGGEYANGDEHUODONG。BUJINSHENGZHEPEIYU,ZAIMUZANGZHONGTONGYANGPEIZANGPEISHIYU,PEISHIYUYUZANGYUYIYANG,DOUSHIDANGSHIZHONGYAODEPEIZANGYONGPIN。ZHANGSHABOWUGUANZHANSHIDELIANGTAOZUYUPEIJUNWEIWANGFEICAOYUSHENGQIANXIYUYAOJIANYONGLAIZHUANGDIANFUSHIDESHIYONGQI,YESHITASHENGQIANDEXINAIZHIWU。DANGSHIJINGMEIYUQIJIBOLAIPINJUNSHISHEHUISHANGCENGDEZHUANLI,XIACENGMINZHONGSHIBUYUNXUSHIYONGDE,SIHOUYONGYUSUIZANG,BUJINZHANGXIANTAZUNGUIDEWANGSHIGUIZUSHENFEN,TONGSHIYEBIAODALEHANDAIREN“SHISIRUSHENG”DESANGZANGSIXIANG。

CAO(NV+XUN)SHENGHUODEHANJINGDISHIQI,GUANFUZHIDUDADOUCHENGXIQINZHI,NANNVJUNYIYOUREN、JIAOLING、BOYIKUOXIUDESHENYIWEIZHUYAOFUSHI,LINGYOUPAO、RU、YANYUDENGKUANSHI。YOUYUSHEHUIJINGJIFANRONG,CUSHIFUSHIWENHUAZHUJIANYOUJIANZHUANSHE,YIMIAN、MAWEIZHUYAOMIANLIAODEFUZHUANGBEIGEZHONGBINGWAN、SICHOU、JINXIUDENGGAODANGMIANLIAOQUDAI。KUANDADEQINZHISHENYIYEJINERFAZHANWEITONGSHENJINZHAI、ZHANGKEYEDIDEQUJUSHENYI。CISHI,RENMENZAIYAOBUXIDAIWEISHI,CHUIGUAYUYAOJIANDEZUYUPEIZUOWEIZHANGXIANYIFUHUALI、SHENGHUOFUGUIDEBIAOXIANXINGSHI,CHENGWEITONGZHIJIEJIDEDENGJIBIAOSHIHESHENMEIXUYAODEZHUANGSHIPIN。

新疆众和XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,HUNANSHENGZAILIANGHANSHIQIMUZANGKAOGUZHONGCHUTULEDALIANGDEPEISHILEIYUQI,YOUYUGUMUSUNHUI、DAORAODENGZHUDUOYINSU,CHENGTAOZUCHUTUDEYUPEIQUESHUFENGMAOLINJIAO。ZHANGSHABOWUGUANSHOUZANGDELIANGTAOZUYUPEIJIEGOUWANZHENG,ZUOGONGJINGXI,CAIZHIYOULIANG,ZUHEGUANXISHIFENQINGCHU,SHIHUNANSHENGMUQIANFAXIANDEHANDAIGAODENGJIMUZANGZHONGBAOCUNZUIWEIWANZHENGDEZUYUPEI。CICITAMENZAIZHANGSHABOWUGUANQUANXINDEJIBENCHENLIEZHONGSHOUCIGONGKAILIANGXIANG,BUJINDAIJIGUANZHONGXUANLIERYOUHEXIEDESHIJUEGANSHOU,RANGRENCHONGFENLINGLVEDAOHANDAIWANGSHIDEDAQI、SHEMIZHIFENG,YOUXIANGGUANZHONGZHANSHILEHANDAIWANGFEIPINGTINGENA、QIAOYONGZHUYUZHUANGSHIDEAIMEIZHIXIN,SHIWEINANDEYIJIANDEHANDAIHUANGZUZHENBAO。

(ZERENBIANJI:LIZHENPING)