新疆众和

17—18世纪德累斯顿与奥古斯都二世
   来源:文物天地     2018年08月29日 10:45

1927年4月18日 蒋介石建立南京国民政府

ArtAsiaYISHUYAZHOU TANYUANYUAN

新疆众和DEYIZHISAKESENGONGGUOXUANDIHOU、BOLANGUOWANGAOGUSIDOUERSHI(Augustus theStrong,1694-1733NIANZAIWEI)KUAISHOUZANGZHONGGUO、RIBENCIQI。QIZAIWEISHUSHINIANJIAN,GOUMAI、SHOUZANGLAIZIZHONGGUO、RIBENDECIQIZONGSHUYU24000JIAN。YUCITONGSHI,TAHAIXIALINGZAIQIZHIXIANEIDEMAISEN(Meissen)DIQUJIANLICICHANG,DALIYANZHI、FANGSHAOZHONGGUOFENGGEDECIQI,BINGCHENGGONGZAOJIULEOUZHOUCIQIDEDANSHENG。RUJIN,ZHEIPIKANCHENGQUANOUZHOUZUIDADEDONGYACIQISHOUZANGZHUYAOZHENZANG、CHENLIEYUSAKESENGONGGUODEHUANGGUANCIWENGEGUAN(zwingerPalace)JIDEGUODELEISIDUNGUOJIACIQIBOWUGUANZHONG(TUYI)。

新疆众和CIWENGEGONG:OUZHOUZUIDADEDONGYACIQISHOUZANG

新疆众和“WOXIANRULEDUIHELANJUZISHUHEZHONGGUOCIQIDEKUANGREZHUIQIUZHONG,ZHENGHAOWUJIEZHI、BUANSHISHIDIJINXINGGOUMAIHESHOUZANG。”

“WOMEIYOURENHEJIBING,RUGUOSHUOYOU,NEIZHIYOUYIZHONGBING,JIUSHITAIAICIQI。”

QINGDAIKANGXI、YONGZHENGNIANJIAN,YUYAOYUANDEDONGFANGXIANGGE7000GONGLIDEOUZHOUSAKESEN(JINSHUDEGUOSAKESENZHOU,DELEISIDUN),CHUXIANLEYIWEICAILIXIONGHOU、MANLIJINGREN、CHIMIYUDONGFANGTAOCIYISHUDECHUANQIJUNZHU,FEITELIE·AOGUSIDOUERSHI(Augustus the Strong)(TUER)。

新疆众和1726NIAN5YUE22RI,ZHEIWEIDELEISIDUNDEJUNWANG、SAKESENXUANDIHOUJIANBOLANGUOWANGAOGUSIDOUERSHI(YIXIAJIANCHENG“AOGUSIDOU”)ZAIXINZHONGDUISHOUXIANGKANTE·FULAIMING(count Fieming)ZHEIYANGSUSHUOZIJIDUIYUZHONGGUOCIQIDEZHONGAI。RUJIN,FANMAOFENFANGDEHELANJUZISHUZAOYIKUXIEDIAOLING,ERLAIZIYAOYUANDONGFANGDECIQIZECHENGWEIAOGUSIDOUDADILIUJIHOURENDEFENGHOUWENHUAYICHAN,YONGJIUCHENLIEZAIDELEISIDUNHUANGGONG——CIWENGEGUANZHIZHONG。

DELEISIDUNWEIYUDEGUODONGNANBU,SHIDEGUOSAKESENZHOUSHOUFU。ZHEIZUOBALUOKEFENGGEDELISHIMINGCHENG,YIFENGHOUDEWENHUAYICHAN、JINGMEIDEHUANGJIA配资查询 HENONGYUDEYISHUQIXIXIANGYUOUZHOU,YUDANGSHIDELINGYIZUOWENHUAZHIDOU——FOLUOLUNSAJIAOXIANGHUIYING。TADELINGYIGECHENGSHIBIAOQIAN,BIANSHIAOGUSIDOUDADISHOUZANGDESHUYIWANJIDEDONGYACIQI。18SHIJICHUQI,AOGUSIDOUBUYIYULIDIFENGKUANGSHOUZANGZHONGGUO、RIBENCIQI。ZAITADEJINGYINGZHIXIA,DELEISIDUNYONGYOULEOUZHOUDALUZUIWEIFENGFUDEDONGYACIQISHOUZANG。ZHEIXIEJINGMEIDETAOCIYISHUPIN,XIANGZHENGZHEYIWEIJUNZHUDECAIFU、QUANSHIHEYISHUPINWEI,YEZHAOSHIZHEZHEIZUOCHENGSHIGUOQUDEHUIHUANG。RUJIN,ZHEIPILAIZIYAOYUANDONGFANGDESHUWANJIANGUTAOCI,YIRANGUIZANG、CHENLIEZAILAOHUANGGONGCIWENGEGONGZHONG,CHENGWEIDELEISIDUNZHEIZUOOUZHOULAOCHENGZHONGYIXIANGDUJUDONGFANGMEILIDEWENHUAYICUN。

CIWENGEGUAN(TUSAN)XINGJIANYU18SHIJICHUQI,SHISAKESENGONGGUOHUANGJIAGONGDIAN。1710NIAN,AOGUSIDOUPINQINGLE配资查询 DASHIMATUSI-DANNIER·BOPEIERMANHEDIAOSUJIAMOZEERDAGUIMOKUOJIANCIWENGEGUAN,JIANQILEHUALANG、TINGGE、WANGGUANMEN,SHIZHEIGEYUANBENYOUMUJIEGOU配资查询 HUANRAODEGUANGCHANGBIANDEJINGMEIHUALI,QISHIHUIHONG,CHENGWEIWANGSHISHENGHUIDEJUBANZHIDI。ZHUZIQINGCENGZAITADESANWENJI《OUYOUZAJI》ZHONGZHEIYANGMIAOHUIZHEIZUOBALUOKESHIGUANDIAN:

新疆众和GONGZHONGYANGSHIJIDAYIGEFANGYUANZI。NANMIANSHIZHENGMEN,HANZUOMIANXING,JIAOMIANMEN;FENLIANGCENG,XIANGLOUWU;DIAOKEJINGXI,YONGXUDUOXIAOZHUZI。LIANGBIANGEYOUHAOXIEGONGMEN,MEIMENLIANYIZUOPENSHUI,SHANGMIANGEFANGZHEDIAOXIANG。XIANZAISUISHIANDANLE,HAIKEXIANGJIANDANGNIANDEFANHUA。XIMIANYOUSHUIXIANCHUYUCHI。SHISIZUOKANZIYONGZHEYIZUODAPENSHUI,XIANGYIZHIMATI,RAOZHEXIAOXIAODECHIZI;MEIZUOKANZILIZHANZHEYIGENVXIANCHUYUDESHIXIANG,ZITAIGEBUXIANGTONG。KANWAIKANSHANGLINGYOUFANXIDEDIAOSHI。ZHEISHIGONGLIZUIMEIDEDIFANG。

新疆众和RUJIN,WANGRIDEHUANGGONGBEIGAIZAOCHENGSHUGEZHUTIFENMINGDEBOWUGUAN。ZAIZHEIXIEYISHOUZANGOUZHOULIDAIYISHUZHENPINWEIZHUDEBOWUGUANQUNLUOZHONG,YICHUZHUANMENSHOUZANGYAZHOUTAOCIYISHUDEZHANGUANGEWAIYINRENZHUMU,ZHEIBIANSHIWEIYUQIGONGDIANZHUTI配资查询 “CHENGSHITING”(CityPavilion)LIANGYIDEDELEISIDUNGUOJIATAOCIGUAN。

ZHANGLANGXINGDEZHANTINGZHIZHONG,FENBIEZHANCHU17-18SHIJIDEZHONGGUO、RIBENCIQI,TEBIEZHANTINGZHONGZHANSHI18SHIJIYILAIDEGUOMAISEN(Meissen)CIQI。ZHONGGUO、RIBEN、MAISEN,LAIZIDONGXIFANGBUTONGSHIJIEDETAOCIJINGPINHUICUIYUCI,SANBAINIANQIANDEGESETAOCIJIAOXIANGHUIYING,JIANGZHEIZUOGULAODEOUZHOUGONGDIANZHUANGDIANCHENGYUWEIDAGUANDESHIJIECIQIYISHUBAOKU,LINGRENTANWEIGUANZHI(TUSI)。CHANGYANGZAIHUILANGHUANBAODEZHANTING,MIANDUIZHONGZHONGDIEDIE、LINLANGMANMUDEDONGFANGTAOCI,BUJINLINGRENYAOXIANGZHEIPICIQICENGJINGDEZHUREN、SAKESENGONGGUODEJUNZHU——AOGUSIDOUDADI。

新疆众和“CIQIWANG”AOGUSIDOUERSHI

AOGUSIDOUDADISHISAKESENXUANHOUYUEHAN·QIAOZHISANSHIZHIZI,BEIRENWEISHI17SHIJIMO18SHIJICHUQIOUZHOUGONGTINGZHIZHONGDEZUIYINRENZHUMUDEJUNWANGZHIYI。ZHEIWEIJUNWANGDEYISHENGCHONGMANCHUANQI,TASHENXINGKUIWU、LIDAWUQIONG,JUSHUONENGNIUDUANMATI。TAZAIXIBANYADOUNIUSHICENGCISILEZUIXIONGMENGDEGONGNIUERBEICHENGWEI“DALIWANG”。ERTAZUIWEISHIRENCHENGDAODEJINGLI,SHIQIJISHINIANLAIDUIDONGYA(YIZHONGGUO、RIBENWEIZHU)CIQIDECHIMIREAIHEFENGKUANGGOUZANG,BEICHENGWEI“CIQIWANG”。

新疆众和AOGUSIDOUSHAONIANZHISHI,CENGZUOWEIOUZHOUWANGSHICHENGYUANCHUFANGFAGUO,JINJIANFAGUODE“TAIYANGWANG”LUYISHISI。FAGUOGONGTINGDEGAOGUIYUSHEHUA,LINGSHAONIANAOGUSIDOUYANXIANBUYI。DANGSHIZHENGZHI“ZHONGGUOFENG”ZHUANGSHIFENGMIOUZHOUZHISHI,LUYISHISIBENRENYESHIZHONGGUOCIQIDEZHONGSHIYONGDUN。ZHEIYISHIQIDEOUZHOU,GONGTINGZHONGSHOUZANGHEZHANSHIYUEDUODEZHONGGUOCIQI,YIWEIZHEZIJIZAIOUZHOUWANGSHIZHONGDEDIWEIYUJIAXIANHE。WANGSHIYONGYOUZHONGGUOCIQIDESHULIANG,SHENZHIKEYIZUOWEIHENGLIANGQIZAIOUZHOUDIWEIDEBIAOZHUN。YINWEIZHEIGEYUANYOU,LUYISHISICENGYIZHONGGUONANJINGDABAOENSITAWEIMOSHI,ZAIBALIJIANZAOLEDATELIYANONGCIGONG(Grand Trianon)CITA。AOGUSIDOUZAICICIFAGUOZHIXINGHOU,BIANLIZHICHENGWEILUYISHISINEIYANGDEJUNZHU。FAGUOGONGTINGZHONGSUICHUKEJIANDEZHONGGUOCIQI,WUYIWEIAOGUSIDOURIHOUCHENMIYUCIQISHOUZANGMAIXIALEZHONGZI。

1694NIAN,AOGUSIDOUJIRENSAKESENGUOWANG。NIANQINGDEGUOWANGFUYISHANGREN,BIANDALITUIXINGLIANGXIANGXINZHENG。YISHIXIANGPINGMINZHENGSHOUGAOEDEXIAOFEISHUI,ERSHIJILIKUOCHONGJUNBEI。QIANZHE,RANGQIDUANQINEIXUNSUJILEILEJUECAIFU,SHIDETAYOUZUGOUDECAILIXIAOFALUYISHISIDESHEHUAPAICHANG,NENGGOUCONGRONGSUIXINGDIGOUMAIZHONGGUO、RIBENDEWAIXIAOCIQI。ERKUOCHONGJUNBEIDEZHUZHANG,RANGRENGANJUEAOGUSIDOUSHIYIWEILITUYOUSUOZUOWEIDEJUNZHU。

SHISHISHANG,JIWEIZHICHUDEAOGUSIDOUDEQUEHENYOUZHENGZHIBAOFU。DANGSHIDESAKESENGONGGUOSHIXINGXINJIAO,EROUZHOUGEDAGUORENGYILUOMAJIAOTINGWEIZUN。ZHIYOUXINFENGTIANZHUJIAODEWANGHOU,CAIYOUZIGEBEISHENSHENGLUOMADIGUOHUANGDITUIJUWEIWANGDEZIGE。AOGUSIDOUWEILEYINGDE“XUANDIHOU”ZIZHI,BUGUMINZHONGDEFANDUI,YIRANZAIXINJIAOSHENGXINGDESAKESENDIQUTUIXINGTIANZHUJIAO,CHENGGONGRUXUAN“XUANDIHOU”。ZAI1697NIANBOLANGUOWANGYUEHANSANSHISHISHIZHIHOU,GAIZONGTIANZHUJIAODEAOGUSIDOUCONG18WEIXUANDIHOUZHONGTUOYINGERCHU,BEIRENMINGWEIBOLANGUOWANG。ZHIHOU,AOGUSIDOUDAJUNANZHENG,YUAOSIMANTUERQIDIGUOZHANKAIJIZHAN,SHOUFULEYUANSHUBOLAN,HOUBEITUERQIZHANLINGDEBODUOLIYAHEWUKELANDIQU。

CHENGWEIBOLANJUNZHUDEAOGUSIDOU,CONGCIDUIYUJIANLIHONGTUBAYEZAIWUXINGQU,KAISHIZHUANZHUYUZHONGGUO、RIBENCIQIDESHOUZANGHEZHANSHI。JINGRENDECIQISHOUZANGSHULIANG,DAIJIASHIGUOLIDEXUERUO。YIXIEDACHENCENGSHITUGUIQUANTADUIYUCIQIDE“CHONGDONGXIAOFEI”,TAQUEYIYIGUXING,JIXUWUXIUWUJINDIGOUMAIYUANDONGCIQI,GOUJIANZHETADEDONGFANGCIQIMENG。

新疆众和DELEISIDUNGONGTINGCIQISHOUZANGLISHI

新疆众和DANGANXIANSHI,DIYIPIZHONGGUOCIQIYU1590NIANRUZANGDELEISIDUN,GONGYOU14JIAN,LAIYUANYUYIDALIMEIDIQIJIAZUDEKUIZENG。MUQIAN,ZHEIPICIQIJINCUN8JIAN(TUWU)。ZHEI8JIANMINGDAICIQIYIQINGHUA、SUSANCAIWEIZHU,QIXINGWENYANGDUOWEIMINGMOYILAICHANGJIANDEWAIXIAOQINGHUAWANZHILEI,MEIYOUTEBIEZHENXIZHICHU。ZHENZHENGYOUJIHUA、CHENGGUIMODISHOUZANGZHONGGUOCIQI,ZEZHAOSHIYUAOGUSIDOUDADIZAIWEISHIQI。

新疆众和1709NIAN,SAKESENGONGTINGDELIANJINSHUSHI,YUEHAN·FULIDELIQI·BOTEGE(1682-1719)SHOUMINGBIANXIEAOGUSIDOUDADIDE“BAIJIN”SHOUZANGQINGDAN。DANGSHIDE“BAIJIN”,BIANFANZHIJIAZHILIANCHENGDEZHONGGUOCIQI。ZHEIFENQINGDANBIAOMING,ZAI1709NIANZHIQIANAOGUSIDOUBIANKAISHIGOUMAI、SHOUZANGZHONGGUOCIQI。

新疆众和ZHEIYISHIQIDEDONGXIFANGCIQIMAOYI,JIHUYOUHELANDONGYINDUGONGSISUOLONGDUAN,ZHUYAOCONGZHONGGUODEGUANGDONG、FUJIANHERIBENDEZHANGQIDENGDICHENGPILIANGJINKOUMAOYICIQIXINGXIAOOUZHOU。YINCI,AOGUSIDOUDECIQISHOUZANGTUJINGZHUYAOTONGGUOHELANDONGYINDUGONGSIGOUMAI,SHAOLIANGGOUYULAIBIXIBOLANHUI(ZHANHUI)DENGDANGSHIOUZHOULIUXINGDEZHONGGUOCIQIZHANXIAOHUI,YEYOUYIXIELAIZIWANGGONGDACHENDEJINXIANYIJIQITAGUOJIAJUNZHUDEKUIZENG、JIAOHUAN。

JINGGUOSHUSHINIANDEXIXINSHOUZANG。ZAI1727NIAN,DELEISIDUNGONGTINGDEZANGCISHULIANGYIJINGDADAO24100YUJIAN,QIZHONGZHONGGUOCIQI17000JIAN,YANRANSHIDANGSHIZUIWEIDAZONGDEYIBIDONGYACIQISHOUZANG。RUCIJULIANGDECIQI,XUYAOZHUANMENKONGJIANYONGYIZHUZANGHECHENSHE。CHULECIWENGEGUAN,AOGUSIDOUDADIZAIWEIQIJIANHAIXINGJIANLESHIYUGEGONGDIAN,MEIGEGUANNEIDOUYOUDALIANGDECIQIZUOWEIZHUANGSHI。QIZHONGZUIWEIZHUMINGDELIANGCHU,DANGSHURIBENGUANHEPIERNICIGUAN。

RIBENGUAN(JapanischePaIais)(TULIU)ZUOLUOZAIYIBEIHE(Elbe)BEIAN,YUDUIANDECIWENGEGUANYAOXIANGHUYING。QI配资查询 YUANSHUHELANGONGSHIFAN·KARUIBOGE(VanCraneberg)SUOYOU,GUCHUMING“HELANGUAN”。1717NIAN,AOGUSIDOUWEILEJUBANDAXINGGONGTINGQINGDIANHUODONGHEWEIQIZIJUBANHUNLISUOXU,JIANG“HELANGUAN”GOUWEIYIYOU,GAIMINGWEIRIBENGUAN。

1727NIAN,AOGUSIDOUJIANGTADEBUFENCIQIJINGPINYIZHIRIBENGUAN,YONGYUZHUANGSHIFULITANGHUANGDECIQITASHI,BINGANZHAOZIJIDEGOUXIANGDUIRIBENGUANDAGUIMOGAIJIANZHUANGXIU,LITUJIANGQIDAZAOCHENGSHOUZANG、CHENLIE、ZHANSHIQIDONGFANGCIQISHOUZANGDELIXIANGZHISUO。1733NIAN,JIUZAI“RIBENGUAN”XIUSHANGONGCHENGJIJIANGWANGONGZHIJI,AOGUSIDOUDADIYUSHIZHANGCI。JINGUANTADEJIEBANRENAOGUSITESANSHIJIXUWANCHENGLE“RIBENGUAN”DEJIANSHE,DANTABENRENDECISHI,ZEYIWEIZHEQIRUCHIRUZUIDEDONGFANGCIQIMENGDEZHONGJIE。

ANZHAOAOGUSIDOUYUANBENDESHEXIANG,RIBENGUANJIANGBEIGAIJIANCHENGYIZUOTAOCIGUAN(porzetlanschloss)。QINEIBUQUANBUYONGZHONGGUOHEMAISENTAOCILAIZHUANGSHI,CHENSHEFANGSHISHIYIGELEICIQIZHUANGSHIZHENGMIANQIANGBI,YIJUQIXINGDAXIAOYICICHENSHE,ZUIXIAFANGFANGZHIGUAN、PINGDENGDAQI,QISHANGZHUANGSHIPAN、WANDENGQIXING,ZUISHANGFANGZHUANGZHIDIE、BEIDENGXIAOJIANQIWU。ZHENGTIWANGQUMANMULINLANG、HUAMEIZHUANGGUAN。ZHEIZHONGCHENSHEFANGSHISHIDANGSHIPOWEILIUXINGDEBALUOKEFENGGE,ZAIAOGUSIDOUJIANZAODEQITAGONGDIANRULVQIONGZHENBAOGUANZHONG,YEYOULEISIXINGSHIDECHENSHE。

SUIZHEAOGUSIDOUDELISHI,ZHEIXIANGGONGCHENGBINGWEIWANGONGBIANCONGCONGSHOUWEI。QINEIBUCHENSHEFANGSHITINGLIUZAISHEJITUYANGJIEDUAN(TUQI),BUGUOZHEIZHONGCHENLIEFANGSHIYINGXIANGSHENYUAN,20SHIJIYILAICIWENGEGUANJUBANDELIJIECIQIZHANLAN,JIHUDOUYANYONGLEAOGUSIDOUDANGCHUDESHEJIYANGGAOXINGSHI。RUJIN,RIBENGUANDEWAIBUZHUANGSHI,ZEHENNANJIANDAOAOGUSIDOULIXIANGZHONG“CIGUAN”DEFENGMAO,ZHISHIQISHANQIANGDEFUDIAOCHUDIAOKEZHEZHONGGUORENHESAKESENRENZHENGXIANGSAKESENNIYA(saxonia)JINCHENGCIQIDECHANGJING,ZHAOSHIZHEZHEIZUOGONGDIANDEBENLAIYONGTU。

新疆众和PIERNICIGUAN(Pillnitz)(TUBA),ZUOLUOYUDELEISIDUNJIAOWAIXIAOZHENPIERNICIERDEMING,JULIDELEISIDUNSHIZHONGXINYUE15GONGLI。1717NIANKAISHI,AOGUSIDOUERSHIZHUNBEIGAIJIANZHEIZUOWENYIFUXINGFENGGEDE配资查询 ,SHEJIZHETONGYANGSHIRIBENGUANDESHEJIZHEBOPEIERMAN(P5pp~mann)。ZAIAOGUSIDOUDEZHIJIEGANYUXIA,PIERNICIGUANBEISHEJICHENGJUYOUNONGYU“ZHONGGUOFENG”TESEDE配资查询 ,TEBIESHIQI“DONGFANGFENGGEXIUXIANHUAYUAN”ZAIWUDINGDESHEJISHANGJIEJIANLE1665NIANYUEHAN·NIUHUOFUGONGKAIFABIAODE《HELANDONGYINDUGONGSIPAIQIANSHIJIEYEJIANDADAKEHAN(ZHONGGUODEHUANGDI)》YISHUZHONGQINGDAIHUANGGONGDECHATU。DANGRAN,YIZHONGGUOCIQIDIANZHUIQIJIAN,BIANCHENGLEBIBUKESHAODESHINEIZHUANGSHI。

ZAI配资查询 WAIGUANSHEJISHANG,AOGUSIDOUZUICHUGOUSIDEPIERNICIGUANSHIYIZUOLIMIANSHANGZUOGEZIXIANGBANZHUANGSHI、WUDINGFUYI“CIWA”DE配资查询 ,YUFANERSAIDEDATELIYANONG“CIGUAN”YOULEISIZHICHU。DANYINQIHOUDEYUANYIN,ZHEIYIDONGFANGMENGXIANGWEINENGSHIXIAN。ZAINEIBUZHUANGSHISHANG,YURIBENGUANDEZHUANGSHISHOUFALEISI,DOUSHIJIANGBUTONGQIXINGDECIQICHENSHE、XIANGQIANYUQIANGBIZHISHANG,FUGAIZHENGMIANQIANGTI。

新疆众和DELEISIDUNGONGTINGCIQISHOUZANGTEDIAN

ZIWENYIFUXINGYILAI,LAIZIYAOYUANDONGFANGDETAOCIYIZHISHIOUZHOUHUANGZUQUANGUIZHONGAIDESHOUZANGPIN。17、18SHIJI,SUIZHE“ZHONGGUOFENG”(chinoiserie)ZHUANGSHIFENGGEZAIOUZHOUGUIZUJIANDELIUXING,DAIYOUJUANYONGDONGFANGYUNWEIDETAOCIGENGSHICHENGWEIGUIZUJIANPANBISHEHUA、XUANYAOCAIFU、ZHANSHIPINWEIDEZHONGYAODUIXIANG。KEYISHUO,DANGSHIJIHURENHEYIWEIOUZHOUGUIZU、WANGHOUDEGUANDIANZHONGDOUYOUZHONGGUOCIQISHOUZANGHECHENSHE。

DELEISIDUNDEDONGYATAOCISHOUZANG,NENGGOUZAIZHONGDUOOUZHOUDAGUODEGONGTINGCIQISHOUZANGZHONGTUOYINGERCHU,CHENGWEIGEZHONGQIAOCHU,XIANGBIQITAOUZHOUGONGTINGZANGCI,ZIYOUYIXIEBUTONGXUNCHANGDETEDIAN。

新疆众和(YI)PINLEIFENGFUSHULIANGJUDA

RUQIANSUOSHU,GENJUDANGANJIZAI,AOGUSIDOUDADIDECIQISHOUZANGZAIHUIHUANGSHIQICENGDADAO24000JIAN,QIZHONGZHONGGUOCIQI17000JIAN,RIBENCIQI7000JIANZUOYOU。GENJUDELEISIDUNBOWUGUANDEZUIXINTONGJI,ZHEIPICIQIMUQIANRENGYOU1WANJIANZUOYOUCUNFANGYUDELEISIDUNHUANGGUAN,QIZHONGZHONGGUOCIQI7400JIAN,RIBENCIQI2000JIANZUOYOU(TUJIU)。

新疆众和ZHONGGUOCIQIDESHIDAI,JIZHONGZAIZHONGGUOMINGDAIJIAJINGZHIQINGDAIYONGZHENGSHIQI,PINLEIYIJIANGXIJINGDEZHEN、FUJIANDEHUA、FUJIANZHANGZHOU、GUANGDONGCHAOZHOU、JIANGSUYIXINGDENGDICHUCHANDEQINGHUA、WUCAI、BAIYOU、ZISHADENGWAIXIAOTAOCIWEIZHU。JIULEIBIEERYAN,YOUJINGDEZHENQINGHUA、JINGDEZHENWUCAI、FUJIANDEHUABAICI、FUJIANZHANGZHOUYAOQINGHUA、FUJIANZHANGZHOUYAOWUCAI、GUANGDONGCHAOZHOUYAOQINGHUA、YIXINGZISHAQIDENGDENG,GELEIYOUSE、PINLEIJIEBEI,KEYISHUOBIJIAOQUANMIANDITIXIANLEKANGXISHIQIWAIXIAOCIDEZHENGTITEDIAN。RIBENCIQI,ZEZHUYAOHANGAILEJIANGHUSHIDAIRIBENMAOYICIDEJINGPINZHIZUO,CHULEGEYAOKOUDEQINGHUACIQIZHIWAI,YIYIWANLICIQI、SHIYOUWEIMENFENGGECIQIWEIZHU。

ZHONGGUOCIQIDANGZHONG,SHULIANGZUIDUODEDANGSHUJINGDEZHENYAO。ZUOWEIZHONGGUOZHICIZHONGXIN,JINGDEZHENYAOCHUPINDECIQIPINLEIGUANGFAN,BAOKUODANGSHIZAIOUZHOUSHICHANGPOSHOUHUANYINGDEQINGHUA(TUSHI)、WUCAI(TUSHIYI)、SUSANCAI、YOULIHONG、FANHONGMIAOJIN(TUSHIER)、WUJINYOUMIAOJIN、SALANYOUMIAOJINDENGDENG,YOUSEBINFEN,JINGPINDIEXIAN,DAIBIAOLEKANGXISHIQIWAIXIAOCIQIDEZUIGAOCHENGJIU。

新疆众和QICIWEIFUJIANDIQUDEYAOKOUCHUCHAN,RUZHANGZHOUYAODEQINGHUACI,DEHUAYAODEBAICIDENGDENG。XUYAOTEBIETIJIDESHIAOGUSIDOUDEDEHUAYAOSHOUZANG,MUQIANTONGJI,QISHULIANGYOU500JIANZUOYOU,SHIDAIZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIKANGXISHIQI,QIXINGCHULEBEI、PANZHIWAI,LINGYOUGUANYINSUXIANG,GELEIRENWU、DONGWUDIAOSU,MAKEBOLUOXIANGLUYIJIGELEIWENFANGYONGJUDENGDENG。QIZHONGDEGUANYINZAOXIANGZUOPIN,DUOYOUJIACAIZHUANGSHI(TUSHISAN)。ZHEIPISHULIANGPOFENGDEDEHUABAICISHOUZANGZHONG,BUJIAN“HECHAOZONG”KUANZHILEIDECISUZHENPIN。RANER,AOGUSIDOUCENGXIALINGYIDEHUABAICIZUOWEILANBEN,FANGZAOBINGCHENGGONGCHUANGSHAOLEMAISENCIQI。YINCIKEYISHUO,ZHENGSHIZHEIPIDEHUABAICISHOUZANG,ZAOJIULEOUZHOULISHISHANGZHENZHENGYIYIDECIQIDEDANSHENG。

YIXINGZISHAQIWU,YESHIAOGUSIDOUTAOCISHOUZANGDEYIXIANGTESHUMENLEI。DANGANJIZAI,1694NIANAOGUSIDOUSHOUZANGLEDIYIBAZISHAHU,ZHIHOUSANSHINIANJIAN,LUXUSHOUZANGLEZHONGGUOZISHAQIWU117JIAN。CHULECHANGJIANDECHAHU、CHAYEGUANDENGCHAJUYIWAI,YIXIEDAIYOUDIAOSUYIWEIDEZUOPINYECHUXIANZAITADEZISHASHOUZANGZHIZHONG。RUZHEIJIANFENGTOUZISHAHU(TUSHISI),ZAOXINGXUXURUSHENG,ZAIQITAGONGTINGZANGPINZHONGBINGBUDUOJIAN。

YOUGUANZHEIPIZHONGGUOCIQISHOUZANGDEJUTI炒股配资 HESHANGXI,JIANGYOULINGWENZHUANMENMIAOSHUJIESHAO。

(ER)NIANDAIQUEQIELIUCHUANYOUXU

MIANDUIPINLEIFENGFU、JIAZHILIANCHENGDESHOUZANG,AOGUSIDOUZUOLEYIJIANJIYOUYIYIDEGONGZUO——YOUYISHIDIWEIGELEIZHENPINJIANLIDANGANMULU。DUIYUTASUOZHONGAIDECIQIZANGPIN,GENGSHIJIWEIYONGXIN,SHUCIXIUDINGZANGPINMULU。

新疆众和QIANWENTIDAO,1709NIAN,AOGUSIDOUMINGLINGYUEHAN·FULIDELIQI·BOTEGE(Johann Friedrich Bottger,1682-1719)BIANXIEQISHOUZANGDE“BAIJIN”(JICIQI)QINGDAN。SUIZHECIQISHOUZANGDERIYIFENGFU,1721NIAN,AOGUSIDOUZAICIXIALINGZHENGSHIBIANXIEZANGPINMULU,ZHI1727NIANBIANDING(TUSHIWU)。

1727NIANZHIHOUSHOUZANGDECIQI,JIXUBIANJIZAIQINGDANDE“XUJUAN”ZHONG。RANERDIERCISHIJIEDAZHANQIJIANDELEISIDUNZAOYUHONGZHA,GAIJUANQINGDANBUXINGYISHI。YINCI,1709NIANDEQINGDANYOUQIXIANDEMIZUZHENGUI。KEYISHUO,TASHIMUQIANSUOCUNWEIYIYIFENQUANMIANFANYINGKANGXISHIQIDONGYACIQIWAIXIAOFENGMAODEDANGANCAILIAO。

YIHANDESHI,AOGUSIDOUDEZANGPINMINGYUNDUOCHUAN,YOUDELIUSANYISHI,BUNENGHEQINGDANSUOJIWANQUANDUIYING。DIYICISHIJIEDAZHANDEGUOZHANBAI,MIANLINJUDADEZHANZHENGPEIKUANYALI。DANGSHIDEDEGUOWEIMAZHENGFUJUEDINGJIANGCIWENGEZANGCIZHONGDEZHONGFUPINPAIMAI,SUODEYONGYICHANGHAIPEIKUAN。ERZHANZHIHOU,DELEISIDUNBEIMENGJUNHONGZHA,CHENGSHIJIHUYIWEIPINGDI。YIXIECIQIHEQITAWENWUBEISULIANHONGJUNSUODE,DAIDAOSULIANDEBOWUGUANSHOUZANG。ZAI“LENGZHAN”SHIQI,SULIANZHENGFUWEIYINGDEDONGDEZHENGFUZHICHI,YOUJIANGDANGSHILVEDUODEBUFENCIQIGUIHAIJIDELEISIDUN。YINCI,AOGUSIDOUDESHOUZANGSANLUOYUSHIJIEGEDI,YIZHIYUWOMENJINTIANZAIHENDUOZHUMINGBOWUGUANZHONGDOUNENGJIANDAOAOGUSIDOUDECIQIZANGPIN。

新疆众和ZAIQINGCEZHONG,AOGUSIDOUYIZIMU“N”ZUOWEIQISHOUZANGBIAOSHI,ZAIMEIJIANQIWUDIBUMOSHUHUOJUANKE“N”ZITOUDEBIANHAO。YIZHAOTAGERENDUIDONGFANGTAOCIDEZHISHI,JIANGZHEIXIECIQIANLEIBIEFENWEI“RIBENCIQI”“ZHONGGUOCIQI”“ZHONGGUOLVCAI”“ZHONGGUOHONGCAI”“DONGYINDUQINGHUACIQI”“KELAKECI”DENGDENG,BINGYIZHAOBUTONGDEFUHAORU+、△、GONG、↗、-、□DENGBIAOJI。

BUNANKANCHU,BIAOJIFANGSHIYOUDEYIJUQIWUCHANDI,YOUDEZEGENJUQIWUYOUSE、WENYANG,YOUDESHENZHIGENJUGOUMAIFANGSHIDENGYINSU,BIAOZHUNBINGBUTONGYI。YINCI,YIXIANDAITAOCIYANJIUDEBIAOZHUNLAIKAN,ZHEIZHONGBIAOJINANMIANYOUZHONGFU、CUOLOUZHICHU,BUSHENYANJIN。RURIBENYIWANLIFENGGECIQIHEZHONGGUOWUCAICIBIANCHANGCHANGHUNXIAO,KELAKECIQIYUQINGHUACIQIYESHUYUTONGYILEIBIEERXIANGHUJIAOCHA,HENNANJIERANFENKAI。JIBIANRUCI,DANGANRENGXIANGWOMENZHENSHIFANYINGLEAOGUSIDOUSHIDAIOUZHOUGONGTINGDUIYUZHONGGUOCIQIDEPUBIANRENZHISHUIPING,WEIJINTIANDETAOCIYANJIUZHEHESHOUZANGAIHAOZHETIGONGLEYIFENXIANGSHI、BAOGUIDECANKAOZILIAO。

(SAN)JUNWANGDINGZHIPINZHISHANGCHENG

AOGUSIDOUDUIYUZHONGGUOCIQIDECHIMIHEZHONGAIZHANGDASHUSHINIAN。ZHEIJISHINIANJIAN,TADUIDONGFANGTAOCIDERENSHIHEJIANSHANGSHUIPINGSHIBUDUANBIANHUADE。ZUICHU,HUOXUZHISHISHOUDANGSHILIUXINGYUOUZHOUGONGTINGDE“ZHONGGUOFENG”YINGXIANG,SUIBOZHULIUSIDIGOUMAI。SUIZHESHOUZANGDERIJIANFENGFU,AOGUSIDOUKAISHIZHESHOUDUIZHONGGUOCIQIJINXINGXIUBU、GAIZHI,BINGGENJUZIJIDEXIHAOHEYAOQIU,TEBIEDINGZHICIQI。SUOYI,TADEZANGPINZHILIANGMINGXIANYOUYUYIBANDEWAIXIAOCI,HAIYOUXUDUODUTEDEQIXINGHETESHUWENYANG。

新疆众和ZUICHANGJIANDEJIAGONG,SHIDUIJINKOUDEZHONGGUOBAICITAIZHONGXINSHIYICAIHUI。ZHEIZHONGZUOFAZHAOSHIYU17SHIJIMODEHELAN。MUQIANYIZHIDEJIJIANZAIHELANBEIJIASHICAIHUIDEDONGYACIQISHILIANGJIANDEHUAYAOCIBEIHELIANGJIANXIEYOUDANMAIFEITELIESISHISHOUZIMUSUOXIEDERIBENCIDIE,SHOUZANGYUDANMAIHUANGSHI。ERZHEIZUCIQI,ZHENGSHIAOGUSIDOUCONGTADEQIANLUJUNBUZHANGFULIDELIXI-LASHIKE(Friederich Raschke)SHOUZHONGDEDAODE。LASHIKECENGYU1708-1709NIANZAIHELANAMUSITEDANJUZHU,BINGZAINEILIGOUMAILEYIXIEHELANJIASHICAIHUIDECIQI。YEJIUSHISHUO,OUZHOUZUIZAOJIASHICAIHUIDECIQI,JISHIAOGUSIDOUDEZANGCI。

ZAITAOCIQIWUSHANGJIASHIJINSHUZHUANGSHI,YECHANGCHUXIANYUAOGUSIDOUDESHOUZANGZHIZHONG。CONGZHEIXIEQIWUKEJIAN,JIASHIJINSHUZHUANGPEIDEMUDEYOUER:YISHIWEILEHUALIMEIGUAN,XIANSHICHUCIQIZUOWEIGONGTINGSHECHIPINDEZUNGUISHENFEN;ERSHIGENJUOUZHOUGONGTINGDESHENGHUOXUYAO,YONGJINSHUDUIYUANYOUQIXINGJINXINGYIXIEGAIZAO,JINERGAIBIANCIQIDEGONGYONG,RUBEI、DIEJIASHIJINSHUDIZUOGAIWEIGAOJIAOSHIYANG,YIXIEZHONGGUOTONGZHUANGQIWUJIASHIJINSHUBASHOUERGAIWEIXIFANGRENGUANYONGDEBABEIDENGDENG。

新疆众和CIWAI,WENZHANGKAITOUTIDAO,AOGUSIDOUZAIJISHOUXIANGDEXINZHONGZICHENG“XIANRULEDUIHELANJUZISHUHEZHONGGUOCIQIDEKUANGREZHUIQIUZHONG”。DANGSHIDECIWENGEGONGTING,YUANLUOZHONGZHESHIBUMANLEJUZISHUCHENSHE。WEILEYANGZHIZHEIXIEJUZISHU,AOGUSIDOUBAYIXIEYUANBENYONGZUOYUGANGDEQINGHUADAGANGDIBUZUANKONG,JIANGQIGAIZAOWEIDAXINGHUAPEN。

新疆众和(SI)MINGPINZHENQIGUPINXIYOU

ZAIDALIANGCHANGJIANWAIXIAOCIQIZHIWAI,DELEISIDUNSHOUZANGZHONGHAIYOUYIXIEGUANYAOQIHELEIGUANYAOQI。RUYIXIELIWAIHUANGYOUDEWAN、PANZHILEI,BEIRENWEISHICHUANTONGYIYISHANGZHUANGONGHUANGJIASHIYONGDEYUYONGCIQI。HAIYOUYIXIELANYOU、WUJINYOUMIAOJINQIWU,JINCAIDEZHUANGSHIGONGYI、TUANDEJINGMEIXIZHI,DOUBUSHUTONGSHIQIDEGUANYAOQI。ZHEIXIEZANGPINHEYICHUXIANZAIAOGUSIDOUDESHOUZANGZHIZHONG,QILAIYUANYOUDAIKAOCHA。YOUXIEHUOXUSHIMINGMOYILAIDEZOUSIWU,YOUXIEHUOXUSHITONGGUOKANGXISHIQIDEWAIJIAOTUJINGSUODE。

ZHIYUZHEIPIZANGCIZHONGDE“GUPIN”,ZUIZHUMINGDEMOGUOYU“LONGQIBINGGUAN”(TUSHILIU)。

ZHEILEIDAGUANXINGZHIHANJIAN,SHUYUCHAOZHANGBANDEJIANGJUNGUANZAOXING。TONGLEIDAGUANZAIKANGXISHIQIDEGUONEIMINYAOZHONGJIHUCONGWEICHUXIAN,DANGWEIZHUANGONGWAIXIAOOUZHOUSHICHANGDEDINGZHIPIN。ZHENGGEDAGUANCONGSHANGZHIXIA,YIQINGHUALIAOFENBIEHUIZHIJIAOYE、LIANHUA、CAOLONG、CHANZHIDENGGELEIWENSHI,WENSHIQINGXI,FASEMINGLIANG,SHIKANGXIWAIXIAOCIQIZHONGDEJINGPIN。GENGWEINANDEDESHI,CIGUANLIANTONGQIGAI,ZONGGAODUCHAOGUOYIMI。CHENSHEZAIGAODAKUANCHANGDEGONGTINGZHINEI,GANJUEMANSHISHENGHUI、QISHIHANREN。

ZHEILEIQINGHUADAGUAN,YUANSHOUZANGYUSAKESENBEIBUDEPULUSHIGONGGUO。1709NIANAOGUSIDOUBAIFANGPULUSHIGONGGUOZHISHI,JIANDAOQISHOUDOUBOLINJINJIAODEAOLANINGBAOGONG(Oranienburg)HEXIALUOTENGBAOGUAN(charlottenburg)SHOUZANGYOU151JIANQINGHUADAGUAN,DUNSHIXIANGYAOJUWEIJIYOU。1717NIAN,ANNABUZHUSHOUZANGYUWANGDEAOGUSIDOUXIANGDANGSHIDEPULUSHIGUOWANGFEILIETE·WEILIANYISHITICHULEYIGEJINHUFENGKUANGDEYAOQIU——YONG600MINGSAKESENLONGQIBINGJIAOHUANQISHOUZANGDE151JIANQINGHUADAGUAN(TUSHIQI)。

新疆众和LONGQIBING(Dragoon),JIANCHENGWEILONGBING,ZUIZAOSHIYIZHONG“QIMABUBING”DEBINGZHONG。ZAI17SHIJIWANQIZHI18SHIJIZAOQIDEOUZHOUJUNDUI,LONGQIBINGSHIPOWEILIUXINGYEPOJUZHANDOUNENGLIDEBUDUI。TAMENSHANGMASHIQIBING,YIDONGXUNSU;XIAMAWEIBUBING,SHANYUGEDOU。ZHEIYANGYIZHIQUANNENGXINGDEJUNDUI,LINGCHENMIYUKUOCHONGJUNBEI、SUYOU“SHIBINGWANG”ZHICHENGDEFEILIETE·WEILIANYISHIQINMUBUYI,TAYUAOGUSIDOULIANGRENYIPAIJIHE,WANCHENGLESHIJIETAOCIMAOYISHISHANGZHEIZHUANGZUIWEIQITE,HUOXUYESHIZUIWEIANGGUIDEYICIJIAOYI。SHENJIAWEI600LONGQIBINGDE151JIANDAGUAN,YEYINCIYOULEZHUANSHUYUTADETEYOUMINGCHENG——LONGQIBINGGUAN。HENXIANRAN,LONGQIBINGGUANWUYISHIAOGUSIDOUDEZUIAI,YIZHIYUZAIJIEXIALAIDE1723NIAN,TAYOUCONGHELANGOURULELEISIDEZANGPIN。

DELEISIDUNGONGTINGCIQISHOUZANGDEYIYI

新疆众和(YI)FAYANGOUZHOUGONGTINGFENGSHANG

新疆众和17-18SHIJI,ZHENGSHIOUZHOUSHEHUIKUANGRETUSHIQICENGJINGCUNFANG“LONGQIBINGGUAN”DEBOLINXIALUOTENGBAOGONGZHUIZHU“ZHONGGUOFENG”DESHIDAI。1700NIAN,WEIQINGZHUXINSHIJIDEDAOLAI,“TAIYANGWANG”LUYISHISIZAIFAGUOFANERSAIGUANJINBIHUIHUANGDEDATINGLIJUXINGSHENGDADEWUHUISHICENGSHENZHEZHONGGUOSHIFUZHUANG,ZUOZAIYIDINGZHONGGUOSHIBATAIDAJIAOLICHUCHANG,YINDEQUANCHANGDUNSHIFACHUYIPIANJINGTAN。ZHEIYISHIQI,OUZHOUHUANGSHIGONGTINGKAISHIYIZHONGGUOFENGGEZHUANGSHI、ZHONGGUOQIWUCHENSHEWEISHEHUAFULIDEBIAOZHI。ZAIZHEIYANGDESHIDAIBEIJINGXIA,AOGUSIDOUDUIYUZHONGGUOCIQIDECHIMIWUYISHENSHOUSHIDAIFENGSHANGDEYINGXIANG,SHIDUI“ZHONGGUOFENG”ZHEIYILIUXINGQUSHIDEFAYANG。

新疆众和ZAIKANAOGUSIDOUDUIYUCIQIDECHENSHEFANGSHI。ZAOZAI17SHIJIMO,HELANGUIZUAOLANZHIWANGSHIBIANXINGJIANLEAOLANZHIBAOGUANZHUANMENSHOUZANGCIQI。YINGGUONVWANGMALIERSHIYEZAITAHELANAMUSITEDANJIAOWAIDEXIANGJIANDAZHAISHELILEZHUANMENDECIQISHI,PINYONGFAGUO配资查询 SHEJISHIMARUOWEIQIBUZHIWEIYUHAIYADEGONGTING。MARUOJIANGDALIANGCIQIBAIFANGZAIBILUJIA、GEBANSHANG、CHUJUNEI、JINGZIQIAN。ZHEIZHONGQUANXINDEZHUANGSHISHOUFAHENKUAILIUXINGOUZHOU。ZHIHOU,MALINVWANGZAIYINGGUOHANPUDUNGUANSHOUCIXIANGYINGGUORENZHANSHILE“JIANGCIQIDUIZAIJUDING、DUIZAIWENJUHE、DUIZAIBILUTAIMEIGEKONGJIAN,YIZHIDUIDAOTIANHUABAN”DECHENSHEFANGSHI。

新疆众和MUQIANSUOJIANAOGUSIDOUQINZICANYUSHEJIDEPIERNICIGUANHERIBENGUANSHEJITUZHONG配资公司 CIQICHENSHEDEFANGSHI,XIANRANSHIDUIYINGGUOHANPUDUNGUANZHEIZHONGKONGJIANDUIJIDEMOFANGHEFAYANG。BIQIMANWUZIQINGHUACIQIDEJIANDANDUIQI,AOGUSIDOUDECHENSHEGENGQUJINGXI。TAWEICIQISHEJILEZHUANMENDEGONGXINGZHANSHIJU,ANZHAOQIWUDETIXING、LEIBIENAIZHIZHUANGSHIWENYANGJINXINGFENLEIZHANSHI,JIANGZHEIZHONGBALUOKESHIDEHUAMEIZHANCHENFANGSHITUIXIANGJIZHI。ZHIDAOJINTIAN,DELEISIDUNCIQIZHANTINGDECHENLIEXINGSHIRENGRANYANXIJIEJIANLEAOGUSIDOUDESHEJISILU。PUCHENYUZHENGGEQIANGMIANDEGESECIQIZHITONGTIANDINGGAOCHU。GUANZHONGYANGSHIQIJIAN,YIRANNENGGOUGANSHOUDAOMANSHISHENGHUIDEHANRENQISHI,LINGLVEDAOLAIZI18SHIJIWANGSHIGONGTINGDEXUANLIYUSHEHUA(TUSHIBAZHITUERSHI)。

(ER)OUZHOUCIQIDEDANSHENG

17SHIJIYILAI,DUIYUZHONGGUOCIQIDEFANGZHIZAIOUZHOUYIJINGSHIFENLIUXING。RUHELANDAIERFUTECICHANG(Roya!Delft)、FAGUOLUANG(Rouen)CICHANGDENG,DOUKAISHIMOFANGZHIZUOZHONGGUOTAOCI。ERXIANYUCAILIAO、JISHUDENGZHONGZHONGYUANYIN,WEINENGSHENGCHANCHUZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDECIQI。ZAIZHEIYANGDEBEIJINGXIA,AOGUSIDOUYECENGXIALINGKAISHIFANGZHIZHONGGUOCIQI,BINGZUIZHONGCHUANGZHILEOUZHOUBENTUDEYINGZHICI——MAISENCIQI(TUERSHIYI)。

1701NIAN,NIANQINGDELIANJINSHUSHIYUEHAN·FULIDELIQI·BOTEGELAIDAOSAKESENGONGGUO,DUILIANJINSHUYIZHIYOUZHENONGHOUXINGQUDEAOGUSIDOUJIANGQILIUWEIJIYONG。YINBOTEGEBIANJINFASHU,AOGUSIDOUBIANJIANGQIPAIWANGDELEISIDUNFUJINDEXIAOZHENMAISEN(Meissen),RANGTAZUOWEIKEXUEJIAJIANJINGJIXUEJIAJIANHUANGDIZONGGUWENCIENHAOSIBOJUE(count Enrenfreidyon Tschimhaus)DEZHUSHOU,FUZEYANZHI“BAISEJINZI”,JIZHONGGUOCIQI。LIANGRENYIZHONGGUOZISHAQIWEIYANGBEN,HENKUAIZHIZUOCHULELEISIDESHIQI(TUERSHIER)。1709NIAN,ZAILIANGRENGONGTONGNULIXIA,YOUYIDEHUABAICIWEILANBEN,SHAOZHICHENGLEZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDEYINGZHIBAICIQI(TUERSHISAN)。MAISENBAICIDEYANZHICHENGGONG,BIAOZHIZHEOUZHOUCIQIDEDANSHENG。

YUFAGUO、HELANDENGGUODEZAOQICICHANGSUOSHENGCHANDERUANZHICIBUTONG,MAISENCHANSHENGLEZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDEYINGZHICIQI。ERQIE,AOGUSIDOUYOUZHEJIQIANGDE“ZHISHICHANQUAN”YISHI,ZAICIQIFAMINGCHENGGONGZHICHU,TABIANYILADINGWEN、DEWEN、FAWENHEHELANWENDENGDUOZHONGYUYANWENZIXIEMINGWENSHU,XUANCHENGSAKESENDIQUDEMAISENFAXIANLECIQIDEAOMI。

新疆众和MAISENFAMINGLEYINGZHICIQIZHIHOU,DUANDUANJINIANZHINEIBIANXUNSUZHANLINGLEOUZHOUSHICHANG。BUJINRUCI,MAISENCICHANGZUOWEIOUZHOUDIYIGEHUANGJIACIQISHENGCHANJIGOU,YOUZHEYINLINGHESHIFANZUOYONG。ZAIAOGUSIDOUERSHIDEMAISENCICHANGDEBANGZHUHEYINGXIANGXIA,FAGUO、YIDALI、YINGGUO、HELANHEPUTAOYADENGGUOYEXIANGJICHENGLILEHUANGJIACIQICHANG,ZHENGGEOUZHOUDEZHICISHILIHECHANLIANGDOUDAFUTIGAO。ZHEIDUIYUZHONGGUOTAOCIDESHENGCHANHEMAOYIERYAN,YOUZHEHUIMIEXINGDEDAJI。ZHONGGUOZICISHIQULESHIJIETAOCIMAOYISHICHANG“WEIYIXING”DELONGDUANDIWEI。

新疆众和MAISEN,GAIBIANLESHIJIETAOCIMAOYIDEGEJU。

新疆众和(SAN)DUIZHONGGUOBENTUCIQIDEFENGGECHANSHENGYINGXIANG

ZHONGXIWENMINGHUOYISHUDEJIAOLIU,DAILAIDEYINGXIANGZONGSHIXIANGHUDE。AOGUSIDOUSHENGHUODE17-18SHIJICHUQI,OUZHOUGONGTINGLIUXINGZHE“ZHONGGUOFENG”。ERYUANZAIDONGFANGDEZHONGGUOGONGTINGZIJINCHENGZHIZHONG,GELEIXIYANGFENGGEDEQIWU、ZHUANGSHI、WENYANGYECHONGCHIGONGTING。

新疆众和ZAITAOCIQIWUFANGMIAN,ZUIDIANXINGDEDAIBIAOSHILAIZIXIFANGJISHU、YUANLIAODEFALANGCAICIQI,KAISHICHUXIANYUKANGXIHUANGDIMIANQIAN。ZAIZHIHOUDEYONGZHENG、QIANLONGSHIQI,ZHONGGUOWAIXIAOCIQIDEQIXING、WENYANGYUJIAFENGFU,QIERONGRULEXIEXUXIYANGFENGGE。ZHEIQIZHONG,JIUYOULAIZIAOGUSIDOUDESHEJIHUOSHENMEIHAOSHANGDEYINSUYINGXIANG。BUJINWAIXIAOQIWU,ZAIZHONGGUOGONGTINGYUYONGCIQIZHONG,TONGYANGCHUXIANLEHENDUOLAIZIXIYANGDEJISHUHEYISHUSHEJI。YONGZHENG、QIANLONGSHIQIDEDUTAOGUANTANGYINGZAI《TAOCHENGJISHIBEIJI》ZHONGJILUQIZAIYONGZHENGNIANJIANDULIJINGDEZHENYAOWUSHICENGFANGSHAO、CHUANGZHILE57ZHONGYOUSEPINZHONG,QIZHONG“YANGCAIQIMIN”“XIYANGHONGSEQIMIN”“XIYANGLVSEQIMIN”“XIYANGWUJINQIMIN”“MOJINQIMIN”“XIYANGHUANGSEQI”“XIYANGZISEQI”“FANGXIYANGDIAOZHUXIANGSHENGQI”DENGDENGSHUZHONG,QIYONGLIAOHEDIAOKEJIFA,JIELAIZIOUZHOU。KEJIANZHEIYISHIQIDONGXIFANGTAOCIJISHUSHENGCHANHESHENMEIFENGSHANGDEXIANGHUJIAORONG,QIYINGXIANGYIRANSHENRUDAOGEZIDEGONGTINGZHINEI。

JIEYU

AOGUSIDOUSHOUZANGDEZHONGGUOCIQIPINLEIFENGFU、QIQUAN,YOUZHEXIANMINGDESHIDAITEZHENGHEJUNWANGGERENDESHENMEIPINWEI。YUQITAOUZHOUGUIZUXUANYAOCAIFUDESHOUZANGMUDEBUTONG,AOGUSIDOUDUIYUZHONGGUOCIQIZAIXINSHANGZHIWAI,HAIQINZIZHUCHI、CANYULECIQIDEQINGDANBIANMU、JIAGONGSHEJIDENGJIANZANGHUODONG,WEIHOUSHILIUXIALESHUYIWANJIDECIQIZHENPINHEBAOGUIDEDANGANZILIAO。TAXIALINGJUQUANGUOZHILIDUIZHONGGUOCIQIJINXINGYANZHIFANGZAO,BINGZUIZHONGCHENGGONGCUCHENGLEOUZHOUYINGZHICIQI“MAISEN”CIDEDANSHENG,SHIOUZHOUYONGCIWANQUANYILAIZHONGGUOJINKOUDEKEGUANSHISHICHENGWEILISHI。

新疆众和AOGUSIDOU,SHOUZANGLEZHONGGUOWAIXIAOCIQIDEDIANFENGZHIZUO;QICHUANGZHIDE“MAISEN”CIQI,ZEQUDAILEZHONGGUOCIQIWEIWODUCUNDEMAOYIGEJU,YINGXIANGBINGQIAORANGAIBIANLESHIJIETAOCISHENGCHANDELISHI。

(ZERENBIANJI:LIZHENPING)